Northern Sea Route and to develop a simulation tool modelling the transit process
accounting for ice conditions, icebreaker support requirements and convoy formation.
The developed model allows for the assessment of the route throughput measured as the
fraction of transit orders satisfied during the navigation period, and the average order delay
time, affected by the total number of transit orders and the number of available icebreakers.
Keywords: arctic shipping, icebreaker support, sea route throughput, simulation
modelling, transit order Processing.