Multimarket Services for Stationary Batteries - Considering Activation of Frequency Containment Normal Operation Reserves

Challenge and objective

  • Wind and solar power, poses challenges related to their weather-dependent nature and the need for rotational inertia in the system. These challenges necessitate exploring new sources of flexibility to ensure stable grid operation.​
  • The objective of this work is to explore the viability of utilising stationary storage systems for delivering multiple services. Particular attention is given to markets for frequency reserves.

Work performed

  • Develop a scheduling model for a battery located in a household with a photovoltaic (PV) generation​.
  • Co-optimizing spot market and reserve market operation (The FCR-N market).​
  • Analysing a case study for a household in Hvaler.

Significant results

  • Providing FCR-N reserves in addition to other services resulted in declined annual expenses.​
  • Although the operational costs increased, the financial benefit of procuring FCR-N reserves resulted in overall decreased expenses.​
  • Further, the annual expenses decreased considerably after incorporating the compensation for activated energy accosted with FCR-N reserves. Impact for distribution system innovation:​ End-users can provide multiple services with single flexible resource, at different system operating levels.


Magnus Korpås

WP3 Lead
+47 970 42 009
Magnus Korpås
WP3 Lead


Reference in CINELDI