Challenge and objective

  • We need to consider cyber-risks when assessing and comparing planning alternatives for cyber-physical smart grids.
  • Available information will typically be at an aggregated level at this stage, and non-experts must carry out the cyber-risk assessment.
  • There is a need for a low threshold risk evaluation method to assess high-level cyber-risks already in the grid planning phase.

Work performed

  • Using “Customer Journey Modelling Language” (CJML) high-level cyber-risks are modelled.
  • The concept is tested on a case assuming a hacker gets unauthorized access to a SCADA system and manipulates breakers in a self-healing grid, leading to power outages (attacking security of supply).

Significant results

  • An initial version of a cyber-risk assessment method for the planning phase of cyber-physical smart grids. 
  • Preliminary case testing suggests that it is possible to create high-level cyber-risk models with limited information about the planning alternatives.

Impact for distribution system innovation

  • Comparison of different alternatives can be significantly improved, if cyber-risks are included already at the planning stage.
  • Better informed decisions can be made. 
Cyber-risk assessment method for the planning phase of cyber-physical smart grids

Susanne Sandell

WP1 Lead
+47 984 891 26
Susanne Sandell
WP1 Lead

Reference in CINELDI

G. Erdogan, I.B. Sperstad, M. Garau, O. Gjerde, I.A. Tøndel, S. Tokas, M.G. Jaatun: "Adapting Cyber-Risk Assessment for the Planning of Cyber-Physical Smart Grids Based on Industrial Needs", CCIS, vol 1859 Springer, 2022.