MRST - MATLAB Reservoir Simulation Toolbox

Function solvefi.m
tutorial main page computeComposition.m computeWaterComp.m equationCompositional.m flash_calculation.m getHenryCoef.m
getR.m initStateBravo.m omega_l.m quadraticRelPerm.m runBravo.m setNonlinearSolverParameters.m setupControls.m
setupGeometry.m setupSystem.m solvefi.m vaporPressure.m

Single step non-linear solver

Compute the next state of the system for given previous state state0 and time step dt.

The discretized residual equation are given by equation which is assembled in the function equationCompositional.

function [state, convergence] = solvefi(state0, dt, bc, system, equation, param,  varargin)
   opt = struct('verbose', false);
   opt = merge_options(opt, varargin{:});

   fluid = system.fluid;

   meta = struct('converged'  , false                       , ...
                 'stopped'    , false                       , ...
                 'relax'      , system.nonlinear.relaxation , ...
                 'stagnate'   , false                       , ...
                 'iteration'  , 0                           , ...
                 'res_history', []                          );

   timer = tic;

   converged = false;
   state = state0;

   fprintf('%13s%-26s%-36s\n', '', 'CNV (oil, water)', 'MB (oil, water)');

   equation = @(state) equation(state0, state, dt, bc, system);

We start with the Newton iterations

   while ~ (converged || meta.stopped),
      % Save iteration number in meta info
      meta.iteration = meta.iteration + 1;

Initial saturation solve

At each Newton step, we start by solving the flash equations and update the liquid saturation variable.

      [C, p] = deal(state.C, state.pressure);
      nc = numel(p);
      init_sL = state.sL;
      Cvec = cell2mat(C);
      [cg, cl, cw, s, Cw] = flash_calculation(Cvec, p, system, init_sL);
      state.sL = s(:, 2);

The residual equations for the whole system (pressure, total concentrations, liquid saturation) are assembled.

      eqs = equation(state);

We call a standard linear solve to compute the Newton step dx.

      dx = SolveEqsADI(eqs, []);

We update state.

      state      = updateState(state, dx, system);

We compute the residual values by calling getResiduals. This function detects oscillation and stagnation

      [meta, residuals] = getResiduals(meta, eqs, system, false);

We test for convergence. Here we use a very stringent test given by a max norm

      fprintf('Newton iteration %d, max residual: %5g\n', meta.iteration, ...
              max(abs(residuals)));
      converged = all(residuals <= system.nonlinear.tol);

      if meta.stagnate,
         warning('newt:stagnate', 'Non-linear solver stagnated...')
      end

      if meta.iteration > system.nonlinear.maxIterations
         meta.stopped = true;
      end
   end


   if meta.stopped,
      warning('newt:maxit', ...
              ['Non-linear solver did not converge, stopped ', ...
               'by max iterations...']);
      convergence = false;
   else
      convergence = true;
   end

   dispif(mrstVerbose, 'Completed %d iterations in %1.2f s\n', ...
          meta.iteration, toc(timer));
end

Update function

Given a Newton step, the state variables are updated. We cap the saturation variable.

function state = updateState(state, dx, system)

   nComp = system.nComp;
   dp = dx{1};
   for ic = 1 : nComp
      dC{ic} = dx{ic + 1};
   end
   dsL = dx{nComp + 2};

   step = 1;

   state.pressure = state.pressure + step*dp;
   for ic = 1 : nComp
      state.C{ic} = max(0, state.C{ic} + step*dC{ic});
   end
   state.sL = min(1, max(0, state.sL + step*dsL));

end

Published October 8, 2014