Oversikt over gjennomførte aktiviteter i prosjektet

Scientific Papers

  1. Solvang T, Bale ES, Broch OJ, Handå A and Alver MO (2021). Automation Concepts for Industrial-Scale Production of Seaweed. Frontiers of Marine Science 8:613093
  2. Matsson S., Metaxas A., Forbord S., Christie H., Kristiansen S., Handå A., Bluhm B. A. (2021). Effects of outplanting time on growth, shedding and quality of Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Applied Phycology
  3. Chauton M. A., Forbord S., Mäkinen S., Sarno A., Slizyte R., Mozuraityte R., Standal I. B., Skjermo J. (2021). Sustainable resource production for bioactives manufacturing from macro- and microalgae – examples from harvesting and cultivation in the Nordic region. Physiologia Plantarum. DOI: 10.1111/ppl.13391
  4. Thomson, AIArcher, FIColeman, MA, et al. (2021). Charting a course for genetic diversity in the UN Decade of Ocean ScienceEvol Appl2021001– 22
  5. Forbord S, Etter SA, Broch OJ, Dahlen VR, Olsen Y (2021). Initial short-term nitrate uptake in juvenile, cultivated Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae) of variable nutritional state. Aquatic Botany 168:103306

  6. Jevne LS, Forbord S and Olsen Y. (2020). The Effect of Nutrient Availability and Light Conditions on the Growth and Intracellular Nitrogen Components of Land-Based Cultivated Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyta). Frontiers of Marine Science 7:557460
  7. Schmedes, P.S., Nielsen, M.M. (2020). Productivity and growth rate in Palmaria palmata affected by salinity, irradiance, and nutrient availability—the use of nutrient pulses and interventional cultivation. Journal of Applied Phycology 32,4099–4111
  8. Forbord S, Matsson S, Brodahl G, Bluhm B, Broch OJ, Handå A, Metaxas A, Skjermo J, Steinhovden KB, Olsen Y (2020). Latitudinal and seasonal variation of growth, chemical content and biofouling of cultivated Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae) along the Norwegian coast. Journal of Applied Phycology 32:2215-2232
  9. Forbord S, Steinhovden KB, Solvang T, Handå A, Skjermo J (2020). Effect of seeding methods and hatchery periods on sea cultivation of Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae): a Norwegian case study. Journal of Applied Phycology 32 (4):2201-2212

  10. Schmedes, P.S., Nielsen, M.M. (2020). New hatchery methods for efficient spore use and seedling production of Palmaria palmata (dulse). Journal of Applied Phycology 32,2183–2193 .
  11. Broch OJ, Alver MO, Bekkby T, Gundersen H, Forbord S, Handå A, Skjermo, J, Hancke K (2019). Kelp cultivation potential in coastal and offshore regions. Frontiers of Marine Science 5: 529
  12. Endresen PC, Norvik C, Kristiansen D, Birkevold J, Volent Z (2019). Current Induced Drag Forces on Cultivated Sugar Kelp. Proceedings ASME 2019. Volume 6: Ocean Space Utilization.
  13. Matsson S, Christie H, Fieler R (2019). Variation in biomass and biofouling of kelp, Saccharina latissima, cultivated in the Arctic, Norway. Aquaculture 506, p 445-452.
  14. Schmedes PS, Nielsen MM, Petersen JK (2019). Improved Palmaria palmata hatchery methods for tetraspore release, even settlement and high seedling survival using strong water agitation and macerated propagules. Algal Research 40:101494
  15. Fossberg J, Forbord S, Broch OJ, Malzahn A, Jansen H, Handå A, Førde H, Bergvik M, Fleddum AL, Skjermo J, Olsen Y (2018). The Potential for Upscaling Kelp (Saccharina latissima) Cultivation in Salmon-Driven Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA). Frontiers in Marine Science 5:418
  16. Su L, Pang S, Shan T, Li X (2017). Large-scale hatchery of the kelp Saccharina japonica: a case study experience at Lvshun in Northern China. Journal of Applied Phycology. 29: 3003–3013




  1. Sanna Matsson (2021). Fouling of macro epibionts on cultivated Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae). In situ temporal and spatial variation. UiT, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics. (ISBN 978-82-8266-192-8). PhD thesis. 
  2. Alexander Thomson (2021). Population Genomics of the Sugar Kelp Saccharina latissima. University of the Highlands and Islands and the Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS). PhD thesis. 
  3. Silje Forbord (2020). Cultivation of Saccharina latissima (Phaeophyceae) in temperate marine waters. Nitrogen uptake kinetics, Growth characteristics and Chemical composition. Trondheim: NTNU 2020 (ISBN 978-82-326-5012-5) Doctoral Thesis (333).
  4. Peter Schmedes (2020). Investigating methods for improved hatchery and cultivation of Palmaria palmata. DTU Aqua, Danish Shellfish Centre. PhD thesis.


  1. Bøe RR (2019). Investigation of important steps in Palmaria palmata cultivation. NTNU.
  2. Eggesvik AT (2019) Robot for automated seaweed deployment and harvesting. NTNU.
  3. Brodahl GE (2018). The effects of variable environmental conditions on growth, nutritional state and protein content in cultivated S. latissima in Norway. NTNU.
  4. Dahlen V (2018). Characterization of the initial ammonium uptake in Saccharina latissima: Possible implications for an IMTA system with intensive salmon farming. NTNU.
  5. Evans, O. (2018) Modeling the light field in macroalgae aquaculture. The University of Akron.
  6. Foldal S (2018). Morfologiske relasjonar til dyrka S. latissima ved tre stasjonar langs Norskekysten. NTNU.
  7. Næss T (2018). Analyses of population genetics of Saccharina latissima (sugar kelp) in Norway. UiB.
  8. Balasubramaniam M (2017). Veksteksperiment av makroalger med kommersiell interesse; med hovedfokus på Palmaria palmata. UiO.
  9. Norvik C (2017) Design of Artificial Seaweeds for Assessment of Hydrodynamic Properties of Seaweed Farms. NTNU
  10. Duarte A (2017). Optimization of seedling production using vegetative gametophytes of Alaria esculenta. U. Porto.

Book chapter

  • Forbord S, Steinhovden KB, Rød KK, Handå A., Skjermo J (2018). Cultivation protocol for Saccharina latissima. In: Charrier, B., Wichard, T. & Reddy, C. R. K. (eds.) Protocols for Macroalgae Research. U.S.A.: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, p. 37-59.


  1. Alver, MO (2019) Industrial production line for seedlings. SINTEF. 
  2. Eggesvik AT (2019) SPOKe prototype. SINTEF summer student report.
  3. Alver MO, Solvang T, Dybvik H (2018) State of the art Seedling, Deployment and Harvest technology. SINTEF.
  4. Alver MO, Solvang T., Kvæstad, B (2018) Proof of concept on seeding systems. SINTEF.
  5. Wiik I (2018) Concept development of details for macroalgae cultivation. SINTEF summer student report.
  6. Bale ES (2017) Development of area efficient and standardized structures for macroalgae cultivation. SINTEF.
  7. Broch OJ, Tiller R, Skjermo J, Handå A (2017). Potensialet for dyrking av makroalger i Trøndelag. SINTEF Ocean
  8. Broch OJ, Skjermo J, Handå A (2016). The potential for large scale cultivation of macroalgae in Møre and Romsdal.
  9. Dybvik H (2016) Concept development for macroalgae seeding, deployment and harvesting. SINTEF student report.
  10. Norvik C (2016) "Design of artificial seaweeds for assessment of hydrodynamic properties of seaweed farms". SINTEF summer student report.