HiPerCap: Developing Breakthrough Technologies for the future post-combustion CO2 capture plants
This project aims to develop high-potential novel and environmentally benign technologies and processes for post-combustion CO2 capture leading to real breakthroughs. The project includes all main separation technologies for post-combustion CO2 capture; absorption, adsorption and membranes. For each technology we will focus on chosen set of promising concepts (four for absorption, two for adsorption and two for membranes). We aim to achieve 25% reduction in efficiency penalty compared to a demonstrated state-of-the-art capture process in the EU project CESAR and deliver proof-of-concepts for each technology.
Detailed knowledge concerning the chemical binding mechanism is imperative for the development of breakthrough post combustion capture processes. Chemical binding/interaction of CO2 with different materials is of relevance not only for absorption, but also for adsorption and membrane based separation processes. Therefore, to support the research activities related to absorption, adsorption and membrane technologies in HiPerCap, we will identify chemical functional groups with high, reversible, capacity to bind CO2. As a starting point we will be exploring bio-mimicking systems from organic and inorganic chemistry.
The various technologies and associated process concepts will be assessed using a novel methodology for comparing new and emerging technologies, for which limited data are available and the maturity level varies substantially. Based on the relative performance using various performance indicators, a selection of two breakthrough technologies will be made. Those two technologies will be further studied in order to do a more thorough benchmarking against demonstrated state-of-the-art technologies. A technological roadmap, based on a thorough gap analysis, for industrial demonstration of the two technologies will finally be established.
Published April 1, 2014