Here you find instance definitions and the best known solutions (to our knowledge) for the 400 tasks instances of Li & Lim's PDPTW benchmark problems. The version reported here has a hierarchical objective: 1) Minimize number of vehicles 2) Minimize total distance. Distance and time should be calculated with double precision, total distance results are rounded to two decimals. Exact methods typically use a total distance objective and use integral or low precision distance and time calculations. Hence, results are not directly comparable. Hyperlinks in the 'Instance' column point to text files with specification of the best known solution for the given instance.
For instance definitions, click here.
The instance names in blue are hyperlinks to files with corresponding detailed solutions. They have all been checked by our solution checker. Note that many best known solutions do not have a reference to a peer reviewed publication. For these, important details on the solution algorithm, the computing time, and the experimental platform are probably not available. Further, there is no guarantee that the solutions have been produced without using external information, such as detailed solutions published earlier. We may later introduce two categories: 'properly published' and 'freestyle', the latter with no restrictions.
BVH - Bent, R. and Van Hentenryck. P. A Two-Stage Hybrid Algorithm for Pickup and Delivery Vehicle Routing Problems with Time Windows. In Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming (2003).
CAINIAO - Zhu He, Longfei Wang, Haoyuan Hu (firstname.lastname@example.org), Yinghui Xu & VRP Team (Yujie Chen, Lei Wen, Guotao Wu, Ying Zhang et al.), unpublished result of CAINIAO AI.
CLS - Curtois, T., Landa-Silva, D., Qu, Y. and Laesanklang, W., 2018. Large neighbourhood search with adaptive guided ejection search for the pickup and delivery problem with time windows. EURO Journal on Transportation and Logistics, 7(2), pp.151-192.
CVB - Christiaens J. and Vanden Berghe G. A Fresh Ruin & Recreate Implementation for Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problems. To be submitted.
CVB2 - Christiaens J. and Vanden Berghe G. Preliminary title: Slack Induction by String Removals for Vehicle Routing Problems.DK - Dirk Koning. Using Column Generation for the Pickup and Delivery Problem with Disturbances, Technical Report, Department of Computer Science, Utrecht University, 2011.
EOE - Eirik Krogen Hagen, EOE Koordinering DA. Exploring infeasible and feasible regions of the PDPTW through penalty based tabu search. Working paper.
H - Keld Helsgaun, Working paper, Roskilde University, Denmark (2016).
HW - Zhu He, Weibo Lin (email@example.com), Fuda Ma et al. (Team of Scheduling Architecture and Algorithms, Huawei Cloud) and Zhipeng Lü (Huazhong University of Science and Technology). Cloud-oriented solvers for industrial planning and resource scheduling problems of Huawei Cloud (https://www.huaweicloud.com), unpublished.
K – Richard Kelly: Hybrid Ejection Chains and Adaptive LNS for the PDPTW. Working paper.
Li & Lim - Li H. and A. Lim: A MetaHeuristic for the Pickup and Delivery Problem with Time Windows, In Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence, Dallas, TX, USA, 2001.
MFS - Evgeny Makarov, Ilya Fiks, Eugene Sorokhtin (swatmobile.io). Unpublished.
NB1 - J. Nalepa and M. Blocho. "Enhanced Guided Ejection Search for the Pickup and Delivery Problem with Time Windows", Intelligent Information and Database Systems: Proc. 8th Asian Conference, ACIIDS 2016, pages 388–398. Springer, Heidelberg, 2016.
Q - Quintiq. http://www.quintiq.com/optimization-world-records.aspx.
RP - S. Ropke & D. Pisinger, An Adaptive Large Neighborhood Search Heuristic for the Pickup and Delivery Problem with Time Windows, Technical Report, Department of Computer Science, University of Copenhagen, 2004.SAM::OPT - Hasle G., O. Kloster: Industrial Vehicle Routing Problems. Chapter in Hasle G., K-A Lie, E. Quak (eds): Geometric Modelling, Numerical Simulation, and Optimization. ISBN 978-3-540-68782-5, Springer 2007.
SB - Carlo Sartori, Luciana Buriol. A matheuristic approach to the PDPTW (to be submitted).
SCR - Piotr Sielski (firstname.lastname@example.org), Piotr Cybula, Marek Rogalski, Mariusz Kok, Piotr Beling, Andrzej Jaszkiewicz, Przemysław Pełka. Emapa S.A. www.emapa.pl "Development of universal methods of solving advanced VRP problems with the use of machine learning", unpublished research funded by The National Centre for Research and Development, project number: POIR.01.01.01-00-0012/19. "Optimization of advanced VRP problem variants", unpublished. Computing grant 358 funded by Poznan Supercomputing and Networking Center.
Shobb - http://shobb.narod.ru/vrppd.html TS - TetraSoft A/S: MapBooking Algoritm for Pickup and Delivery Solutions with Time Windows and Capacity restraints.
Published April 18, 2008