A directive is a legislative act of the European Union, which requires member states to achieve a particular result without dictating the means of achieving that result.
The Automotive EMC Directive 2004/104/EC shall ensure electromagnetic compatibility of the vehicle. Low Voltage Directive Working Party propose in LVDWP15/05 that the off-board elements of the charging system are considered to be within the scope of the Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC, whereas the electric powertrain and on-board elements of the charging system would be within the scope of the Framework Directive on Motor Vehicles 2007/46/EC.
The EU directive 2004/40/EC describes limits for occupational exposure to EMF. The directive is based on the 1998 ICNIRP guidelines. It was originally due for implementation in the national law of member states by 30th April 2008. This was subsequently delayed to 2012, and has since been further delayed to 2014. Following a period of consultation, a proposal for a revised text for this directive was published in June 2011 (COM(2011) 348).
Although not a directive, the EU has published a recommendation concerning limits for general public exposure to electromagnetic fields, which is also based on the 1998 ICNIRP guidelines. Harmonised product standards relating to electromagnetic field exposure that are approved for use with RTTE (1999/5/EC) and Low Voltage (2006/95/EC) Directives reference the general public exposure recommendations of 1999/519/EC.