The main technologies under investigation in WASTE2ROAD involve two technologies of primary conversion (fast pyrolysis and hydrothermal liquefaction) and a range of refinery related technologies for further upgrading (co-fluid catalytic cracking, hydrotreating, co-hydrotreating).

The project aims for demonstration at up to pilot scale in order to provide sufficient amounts of biofuels to allow for testing of end-use compatibility in engine and vehicle for road transport. It is expected that the research proposed in this project will bring the technologies from current TRL 3-4 to TRL 5.


  • develop a representative and cost-effective waste supply and management system to reduce and optimise the supply costs while diversifying the (biomass) feedstock basis (in EU perspective)
  • develop new biofuels production technology while increasing understanding and control of the whole value chain (including an economic assessment)
  • scale up materials and testing procedures to define scenarios for the best exploitation through implementation of process schemes in existing refineries (achieving pilot-scale tests at TRL 5)
  • develop solutions to answer key societal & environmental challenges connected with implementation of the proposed technology