Main R&D needs

Fate and behaviour
The fate and behaviour of oil relates to how different types of oil weathers under different ice conditions. Knowledge about weathering processes for oil in ice is an important basis for all other activities in this program. 

Oil spill response options
Operations in darkness, poor visibility, low temperatures and under different ice conditions are important paramteres for selecting the most efficient techniques and strategies. One outcome of this part of the program will be a "Generic Oil Spill Guideline" for ice covered areas.

Mechanical recovery
Equipment developed for open waters will be used as a basis for operations in ice covered waters and/or low temperatures. The program will focus on developing and testing existing and new  equipment. The outcome will be operational solutions for mechanical recovery of oil in ice covered areas.

In-situ burning
In situ burning has proved to be promissing through a number of previous experiments. We will focus on bringing these techniques further and to establish in situ burning as one operational tool in the oil spill contingency "tool box". 

Use of dispersants may be an effective way to handle oil spills under certain situations. Our program will focus on the  "window of opportunity”  for use of dispersants under ice covered conditions as well as the application technology.

Monitoring and remote sensing
The program will focus on further development and testing of remote sensing systems for application in ice covered areas. The program covers surveillance from satellites, air craft and "on-ground" systems which will be tested under a number of small, medium and large scale experiments.

Published October 25, 2006

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