An old saying states that fools never learn, the smart ones learn from his own mistakes, while the wise learn from others' mistakes. The purpose of investigating accidents and near misses is not to find scapegoats, but to prevent similar accidents or incidents from reocurring.
Acoustics comprise sound- and vibration aspects in buildings and constructions. Our core expertise is sound insulation between rooms and units, sound regulation and room acoustics, vibrations and noise from technical installations and vibrations in constructions.
Our ability to develop improved or new materials and processes relies to a large extent on the experimental and theoretical research tools that are available. These tools are necessary in order to describe and understand the relationship between the structure and composition of a material, its processing parameters and its properties. They are also often used to understand why materials degrade and/or fail in service.
Through our work on advanced packaging solutions for sensors and electronics we aim at contributing to the introduction of instrumentation in uncharted application areas and thereby contribute to SINTEF's vision of “technology for a better society”.
Wind turbines are continuously growing in size, and with the increasing focus on offshore installations, accurately analysis of wind loads and intermittency is of great importance.Windfarms typically consists of a large number of such turbines, and the wind interaction between the turbines must be known to be able to optimize the windfarm with respect to electricity production and to low maintenance cost. Such optimization strongly relies on the control systems used to operate the windfarm.
SINTEF offers expertise along the entire value chain from primary production to product development and performance. As a result of its low weight, outstanding corrosion properties and excellent mechanical properties, aluminium is one of the most important construction materials in the world.
A constant equilibrium between power generation and consumption is needed to balance any electric system. Without an equilibrium the result will be frequency deviations and possibly system blackout. To prevent this the TSO manages a set of system services through reserve markets.
Sustainable harvesting and farming on nature's terms, and environmental effects of human activities in coastal areas. Integrated Aquaculture (Integrated mulitrophic aquaculture -IMTA), industrial seaweed cultivation and plankton ecology and biological surveilance.
SINTEF has developed applied and theoretical expertise in structures and systems for sea-based aquaculture. We are a world leader in technological research in the field of exposed aquaculture, with structural engineering and hydrodynamics as important subjects.
Architecture and aesthetics are fundamental premises for quality of life. Qualities such as building volume and height, preservation of terrain and vegetation as well as choice of materials, are of great importance for both energy efficiency and climate adaptation, and for the architectural and visual expression of a building.
An introduction of autonomous vehicles will make the transportation of passengers and freight more efficient and help transition the transport sector towards more environmentally sustainable solutions. Autonomous vehicles are commonly less space consuming – an important characteristic for the urban environment. As the distance between each vehicle decreases, the traffic will become denser, with the result of higher traffic network capacity.
Barriers are planned measures to regain control, prevent defined situations of hazards and accidents to develop, or limit consequences of unwanted situations. Barrier management consists of the activities that need to be carried out to make sure that barriers perform their intended function at all times.
Our main research area is the development and application of mathematical models for intra-basinalprocesses on geological time scales, starting with organiccarbon deposition, followed by hydrocarbon generationand expulsion, and finally migration and accumulation.
SINTEF is performing research on the whole battery value chain, from development of new materials for existing batteries and new battery systems to evaluation of performance and lifetime of commercial batteries for various applications. Other electrochemical energy storage systems such as supercapacitors and redox flow batteries are also areas of research.
In a liberalised electricity market, such as is the case for the Nordic countries, electricity production levels and prices are determined via a market statement based on supply and demand bids provided by electricity producers and suppliers, and the major electricity consumers. In the case of electricity producers, an effective bidding strategy requires a thorough and comprehensive analysis of their own production systems, agreed market obligations, and forecasts of future developments in the power system.
Biomass is the only renewable carbon source and can therefore be used for production of renewable fuels and chemicals. Biofuels are foreseen as a promising alternative to today's fossil fuels, given their potential to substitute fossil fuels in the existing energy supply infrastructure. In contrast, intermittent renewables such as wind and solar energy are clearly more challenging considering the ways energy is distributed and consumed, particularly in the heavy transport sector.
Discovery, characterisation and production of biopharmaceuticals have been an important research area at SINTEF for more than 25 years. Main focus has been development of microbial production processes. We have established numerous methods, technologies, assays and laboratories to support this activity. Medical technology and Nanomedicine is rapidly growing research areas in SINTEF, where we focus on development of nanoparticles tailored for drug delivery, biosensors, and new solutions for therapy and diagnostics.
From biomass to energy, fuels and chemicals. The products from biorefineries replace or substitute products from traditional oil refineries. The utilization of renewable raw materials (wood, agro and industrial waste and marine biomass) minimizes the emission of greenhouse gases.
Building engineering comprises most technical aspects of building. This might be assembling work, air- and rain tightness solutions, choice of materials, etc. The subject is widely applied, and is close on the industry. The core expertise is solving problems with an overall perspective, where both theoretical and practical aspects are included.
The activity og SINTEF Building and Infrastructure within building physics comprise moisture and heat transmission, pressure ratio, air and rain resistance in materials and constructions, as well as energy use in buildings. Our core expertise is practical building physics, by transferring new knowledge and research findings into solutions for the building industry.
Energy efficiency and increased heating comfort has resulted in modern buildings being more airtight than previous building constructions. Tight buildings have reduced the uncontrolled ventilation, without this being sufficiently compensated through controlled ventilation. Both in existing and future buildings, it is therefore important to install ventilation plants that are satisfactory with regard to air flow rate, reliability, comfort, energy efficiency and usability.
We perform research and development of burners to meet stringent emission limits in various applications from advanced domestic appliances to gas turbines with CCS, using a wide spectrum of experimental and numerical tools, both at lab and pilot scales.
Efficiency and innovation are key topics within business development, industrial clusters, value chains and individual companies. SINTEF has also commissions on productivity and quality improvements in the private sector in developing countries.
SINTEF is working with financial analysis and modeling for the development, planning and management of enterprises and activities. The issues often require both economic and technical competence, and that we can bring in expertise of environmental or organizational aspects. Mathematical modeling of complex systems and the development of practical decision support are operationally and strategically our internationally recognized areas of expertise.
Catalysis is involved in 85-90 % of all chemicals production. SINTEF has extensive experience within both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. Our projects are often directed towards understanding the operation of the catalyst and the interplay between the catalyst and its process. We work closely with partners in academia and Norwegian and international industry.
CCS chains are case and scenario sensitive, and each case often requires individual design for reaching the optimal solution. The main objective is to develop a consistent and transparent methodology and simulation tool for integrated techno-economic and environmental CCS chain assessment. The ambition is to enable selection of the most promising alternatives for CO2 chains and reduce uncertainty by improving knowledge and by developing adequate solutions for managing risk in CCS
SINTEF has expertise in the production and characterization of glass, glass ceramics, structural ceramics, composites, high temperature sealing, porcelain, glaze, glass, foam glass and bricks. SINTEF can make ceramic- and glass test samples based on the customer's specifications for material properties evaluation.
The CFD group at SINTEF Energy Research has more than 30 years of experience in performing numerical modelling of chemically reactive processes in laminar and turbulent flows consisting of single-phase (gaseous fuels combustion) or multi-phase (solid fuels combustion) configurations. Depending on the specific needs and time constraints of our customers, we are able to perform numerical simulations that boast a wide range of accuracies, geometric complexity and computational cost.
At SINTEF we work with the development of new chemical processes, separation sequences, process intensification and optimization of unit operations and complete plants. The activities span from the analysis of chemical properties and building of bench scale testing equipment to the design and commissioning of large scale pilot plants. Process modelling and simulation are integral activities of this work.
Based on multi-disciplinary terms of scientists, engineering and business developers, we provide new and improved insight into water related challenges. SINTEF support both industries and municipalities with need for management, solutions, innovations and documentation. Our projects cover all aspects of the water chain, from water sourcing to final treatment for reuse and discharges, and potentially extraction of valuables in the reject stream.
Deep underground storage is the only current means of disposing of large amounts of CO2, safely and permanently, thus reducing global-warming. SINTEF Petroleum Research was among the first to propose dedicated underground storage of CO2 and continues to study storage capacity, long-term behaviour of CO2 underground, monitoring techniques and safety, as well as its use for Enhanced Oil Recovery.
CO2 has gone through a renaissance as refrigerant due to the need to replace the chemical refrigerants with highly negative environmental impact. The main applications where CO2 systems has been commercialized so far are heat pump water heaters (heat pumps for heating of sanitary water), refrigeration systems for supermarkets and within small size commercial refrigeration. SINTEF-NTNU initiated this development in the end of the 1980s. More than 4 million systems are installed to date, corresponding to a turnover of more than 200 billion NOK.
Capture, transport and storage of CO2 is an important part of the solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Our CO2 capture research span a wide range, including the development of materials and processes in post-combustion, pre-combustion and oxyfuel processes, natural gas processing and industrial applications.
To capture, transport and store CO2 is part of the solution to reduce green house gas emissions. Our research in CO2 capture covers development of materials and processes within post-, pre- and oxy-combustion processes, natural gas processing and industrial applications.
SINTEF develops several types of membranes for separating CO2 before or after a combustion processes or from industry sources. We have the expertise and required equipment for the preparation and characterization of various types of membranes, as well as running simulation and testing of membranes at realistic operating conditions.
CO2 capture and storage is one of the most important contributions to reducing the world’s CO2 emissions. CO2 can be stored in geological formations far below ground or the sea floor. We investigate how CO2 can be pumped through wells and into these formations in a secure, reliable and efficient way.
Injection of CO2 in geological formations is the major option for the final step in CCS (CO2 Capture and Storage). The Reservoir Technology group has since before 1990 been developing technology for this concept. The Norwegian Continental Shelf has already seen demonstration of safe CO2 injection and storage on industrial scale, and very likely has storage capacity for a large portion of the CO2 that needs to be captured and stored from sources in Northern Europe.
CO2 capture and storage (CCS) is one of the most important ways to reduce global CO2 emissions. Since CO2 will usually not be captured and stored at the same place, we will in the near future have to transport large quantities of CO2, mostly by pipeline or ship. Our research shows how CO2 transport can be done in a safe and economical way.
Modelling is important for understand the mechanisms associated with the separation of CO2 from large point sources such as fossil fuel power plants, steel works and similar. Modelling tools can be used for plant design process optimization and system improvement. SINTEF has developed a simulation software package, CO2SIM, for simulation of absorption based CO2 capture, tailored for this purpose.
We have accumulated more than 15 years experience in new combustion processes based on the use of unconventional fuels (rich in hydrogen) and new oxidizers like oxyfuel mixtures which are common in power and industrial technologies with CO2 Capture and Sequestration (CCS). We also support the development of new CCS concepts and bring them to pilot testing as we do for the promising Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) technology.
Combustion of fuels such as gases, wood, gasoline and coal are a main source of heat, steam and power, both in industrial processes as well as in our private lives (wood stoves, transport). Combustion is a main source of emissions to the atmosphere, such as NOx, SOx, CO, CO2 and soot and particulates. The combustion group at SINTEF Energy Research has extensive experience within analysis, measurements, optimization and design of combustion processes. We work with users, manufacturers and authorities in order to improve combustion technology and generate new concepts and design. Our work is motivated by the need for more sustainable and efficient use of fuel resources with emissions as low as possible.
Communication is the process of conveying information from one point to another. Basically, a communication system consists of a transmitter (sender) and a receiver (recipient) connected via a physical medium called the channel. SINTEF ICT conducts research focused on developing systems facilitating fast, reliable and energy-efficient data communication using electromagnetic signals via all types of channel. We frequently develop hardware prototypes in order to test and verify our researched concepts.
Sound signals such as speech and music carry important and desired information in our everyday lives. Communication acoustics deals with the transmission, reception, and processing of such sound. In addition to a thorough understanding of sound propagation, electronics, and signal processing, understanding how we humans percieve sound is essential in communication acoustics.
Within the field of thermosets, thermoplastics and plastic composites, we have expertise in developing and documenting materials into finished products, as well as the processes linked to the creation of these products. We also provide research-based consultancy in the field of polymer materials.
Data analysis is a process of gathering, modeling, and transforming data with the goal of highlighting useful information, suggesting conclusions, and supporting decision making. Data analysis has multiple facets and approaches, encompassing diverse techniques under a variety of names, in different business, science, and social science domains. Our expertise in the field of data analysis covers the following subjects.
The management of water and energy resources is practised by public authorities at municipal, regional and national levels. In special cases, clarification may be required in addition to what is usually needed in more normal management processes. There may be a need for the assistance of experts with special qualifications with regard to a certain method or issue, or with experience from the water system in question.
We specialize in tool, methodologies and technologies that promote inclusion of and collaboration among the stakeholders in ICT implementation and digitalization processes. We have a long and broad experience in developing and evaluating welfare technology, ICT-based welfare services and electronic health information systems and services. We are also developing technology for crisis handling, museums and information systems to protect cultural heritage, and for the oil industry.
Hydrate and wax formation in subsea transport flowlines will cause undesired fluid properties and even blocking of the wellstream, following shutdown and comprehensive repairs. Direct electrical heating (DEH) is developed at SINTEF Energy Research and qualified as a method for avoiding hydrates and wax, and is also applicable for removal of plugs.
Distributed generation is generation of electricity located in the distribution grid. The characteristics for distributed generation (also called DG), is that the power plants have installed low capacity related to conventional power plants. Hydro plants between 100 kW and 5 MW (and sometimes even up to 10 MW), are often denoted as "small scale".
Department of Biotechnology and Nanomedicine develops processes for fractionation and purification of products produced by fermentation, and from biomass. The department has experience and infrastructure for purification of small, bioactive molecules, as well as macromolecules such as proteins and virus.
Drying of food (thermal processing of meat, fish, vegetables and seaweed / kelp) is the most important method of preservation in the world. Drying gives a stable product with a longer shelf life and a product that is easy to distribute. However, drying is energy-intensive, and the quality of the final product depends on the process. Researchers at Process Technology at SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture possesses expertise in both chemistry and technology in order best to solve interdisciplinary challenges within drying of foodstuffs. For an energy efficient and environmentally friendly drying process will reuse and utilization of waste heat using heat pumps be highly relevant. Partial drying can be combined with salting for the production of cured meat. During production of cured meat, lamb ribs, cheese and dried fish will optimal management and control of temperature and humidity in the greenhouse stock be important for quality and yield.
Building materials and constructions are supposed to have a very long service life under partly rough circumstances. It is essential that the durability of a product or a component is suitable, whereas reduced durability often may have serious consequences, such as e.g. air or water leakages.
Transportation will be electric in the future. It can come from pure electric operating from batteries or via conversion of hydrogen in a fuel cell. Also hybrid solutions are a possibility. Transportation includes conventional passenger cars, heavy cargo, ships and railway. The battery in the vehicles can also be used as mobile storage which is connected to the electrical grid, e.g. if the car charges at home or is parked. This can help to reduce the negative effects to the grid, e.g. by (fast)charging of cars. New tariffs for both the extraction of energy and supply must come to deal with the future smart grid, including electric cars, solar, wind and advanced electrical equipment (consumer, market, grid).
High reliability of the electrical insulation system is of key importance to any high voltage apparatus. The effect of many parameters/mechanisms needs to be carefully assessed when designing electrical insulation systems. In particular the effect of humidity, temperature, pollution/contaminants, mechanical and electrical stress, and external pressure need to be assessed in order to assure high reliability of the insulation system.
Power systems and power markets in continental Europe are undergoing rapid growth. Nordic market players and system operators are currently facing key investment decisions linked to opportunities for enhanced flexibility in the production system (power output expansion and pumping) and an increase in the number of transmission cables serving Europe.
On the basis of our experience from developments in the Nordic energy market, which is one of the first efficient markets of its type, we provide analyses for a society in a constant state of change. We generate scenarios for a future Nordic and European energy system, taking the energy sector's "green" revolution into account. The scenarios are based on a large-scale integration of renewable energy sources and will enable our clients to achieve reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. This is the basis for identifying future challenges and for arriving at systems that will facilitate the achievement of an efficient and sustainable energy market, and energy systems, for the future.
SINTEF ICT is involved in the oil and gas sector on several levels. We carry out direct contract research both for the service industry and oil and gas companies, ranging from focused research topics to pilot demonstrations and product development. Our projects for oil and gas contractors focus on activities resulting in cost-efficient prototypes and products subsequently used by the oil and gas industry. Our key technologies and application areas in this sector are:
Community noise is an environmental problem in our modern society. The best way to diminish this nuisance is through good planning, noise minimisation, and taking account of people's reactions to noise. SINTEF is developing tools for predicting noise levels from most community noise sources. Our main goal is the development of prediction tools for use in noise planning and noise monitoring.
Microbial bioprocesses is an important research area at SINTEF Materials and Chemistry. Department of Biotechnology and Nanomedicine has for the last ten years worked with microbial processes related to environmental technology. Examples are conversion of various types of feedstock to biofuel and platform chemicals, expertise within degradation of crude oil and other unwanted and recalcitrant chemicals in nature and bioreactors, and microfouling/biofilm formation on various surfaces from water systems to ship hulls.
The environmental design of hydropower systems involves taking natural environment into account during power generation operations. The requirements of natural environment and the generation of electrical power are compatible provided we use the correct methods in planning, implementation and follow-up.
The monitoring of critical environmental parameters is particularly important as part of the sustainable development of contemporary society. For example, current levels of marine resource exploitation demand accurate monitoring methods in order to support appropriate management strategies. The same applies to the major pressures exerted on the environment by the shipping and oil- and gas industries. SINTEF ICT is active as a driving force in this field and collaborates both with industry and the public sector to develop methods and technologies for accurate and effective environmental monitoring. Our project activities include;
Environmental psychology is an interdisciplinary field that deals with the mutual interaction between people and the physical environment. Environmental psychology spans widely – from the influence of nature and buildings to global environmental issues.
SINTEF is dedicated to the development and advancement of smart and environmentally friendly transportation systems. Our goal is to establish a society in which dependence on conventional modes of private and freight transportation is replaced with environmentally sustainable alternatives.
An EPD (Environmental Product Declaration) is a short document that sums up the environmental strain of a product. EPDs are based on life cycle assessments of environmental data from the withdrawal of raw materials, production, application phase and disposal. EPDs are becoming increasingly important for building materials in the Norwegian market.
Environmental fate and effects studies of pollutants require monitoring and characterization of the pollutants in the different environmental compartments. Research and detailed knowledge of the biological effects and fate of pollutants is important for an assessment of suitable response actions.
Production of Ferroalloys (i.e. Ferrosilicon/Silicon- and Ferromanganese) is a strong and significant land-based industry in Norway. The results from the cooperation between the industry and academia (SINTEF/NTNU) in Norway are basic knowledge regarding thermodynamics- and kinetic-data as well as reaction mechanisms within core processes and environmental issues.
Cooling is a crucial aspect of electronics design, all the way from high-power industrial applications to personal computers. We investigate and develop ways of creating more efficient and reliable cooling systems, using magnetic nanofluids (ferrofluids).
Fish ladders are constructed to enable fish to swim upstream past migration barriers. Such barriers may be natural or artificial and the aim is to provide the fish with access to areas which are important for their population development. It is important to understand the ecological challenges faced by the fish species in question as well as the technical systems which are relevant at an individual location. In regulated water systems it is also crucial to have knowledge of power station operation and of the challenges fish encounter when migrating downstream again past power station intakes and dams.
The amount of demand response and distribution generation from renewable energy sources will increase in the future distribution grid, at the same time as the grid should be robust and reliable. ICT technology will to a larger scale monitor and control the grid.
We develop specialized models and methods related to the flow of gases and liquids, and which is unavailable in commercial software. We have several in-house 1D and 3D CFD codes. Furthermore, we take part in the design of laboratory set-ups to be used for model development. We deliver data, analyses of models and methods, or software.
To understand phenomena related to multiphase flow, oil-water separation, enhanced oil recovery (EOR), environmental weathering, biodegradation, and environmental effects of oil, understanding the relationship between chemical composition and physical properties is key.
Food and feed products may undergo both wanted and unwanted microbial, biochemical and chemical processes and changes during production and storage, e.g. lactic acid fermentation of milk products, microbial and enzymatic ripening of cheese, meat and fish products, and microbial, enzymatic and chemical deterioration of food products during storage. Different strategies may be used to control, promote or prevent these processes. Biotechnological processes may also be used to produce food and feed ingredients, e.g. polyunsaturated fatty acids.
In order to contribute towards securing sustainable food production, SINTEF ICT has focused on developing instrumentation technologies aimed at obtaining real-time data on foodstuff quality throughout the entire value chain. In this field we work closely with food research institutes, food technology providers and the food industry, and we have expertise in imaging, spectroscopy, acoustics, micro-sensors, X-ray instrumentation, robotics, process control and communications instrumentation. SINTEF ICT has a proven track record in the development of industrial instrumentation systems in the field of food technology, including the following;
SINTEF offers broad knowledge in development and characterization of materials and components for fuel cell technology. Fuel cells represent one of the most effective technologies for converting chemical energy into electricity. We develop PEM, SOFC and PCFC - type fuel cells for both stationary and transport applications. We have a strong network of international partners, allowing us to be in the forefront of the technology development.
Fuel characterization is the primary and a critical step in the evaluation of biomass and waste feedstocks' suitability for a thermal conversion process. Detailed and accurate characterization is especially important for proper utilization of inhomogeneous and low quality biomass and waste feedstocks, to prevent operational related problems, optimize conversion processes and design conversion systems.
Functional Metagenomics R&D is a relatively new and rapidly growing research area at SINTEF. Building on a long tradition of Marine Bioprospecting at SINTEF and NTNU, it aims at accessing and exploiting the metabolic potential of the entire microbial biodiversity in natural habitats, including the great majority of microorganisms that cannot be readily cultivated under laboratory conditions.
Biomass gasification coupled with catalytic synthesis or heat and power production has been identified as one of the most promising technologies addressing the 1.5 global temperature target. In our projects we are using unique infrastructure to investigate biomass gasification, fuel synthesis and heat and power production together with both national and international industry and research partners.
Geothermal energy systems cover systems for both shallow and deep geothermal wells. Shallow geothermal boreholes, 50 - 200 m, are used as heat source or sink for heat pumping systems. Deep geothermal wells, typically 1-10 km, can retrieve heat with higher temperature. Heat with high temperature can be utilised directly, e.g. for district heating, or as a heat as source for running a heat-to-power cycle.
SINTEF Energy Research participates in projects in collaboration with a number of international research groups and hydropower industries. Our expertise regarding greenhouse gas processes in hydropower systems range from how the gases arise, via measurement and assessment to complete net accounting and potential methods for preventive measures.
Since the early 90's reservoirs have been identified as potential sources of greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere. At present, this field is not well enough established and our scientists work to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms and processes for greenhouse gas fluxes in regulated watersheds.
The connection of offshore wind farms to the grid is an important research field because while the process is currently responsible for a large proportion of costs, the potential for cost reduction is great. Many different grid connection concepts have been proposed, but their technical performance and impact on costs remain unproven.
We are working on research and development for improved health and welfare services, interaction between service offerings and better health for the population. Health services research stems from several disciplines and are inherently both applied and multidisciplinary.
We have extensive experience in developing detailed heat exchanger models for various industrial purposes. The models have a level of detail that is suitable for linking and use with various process simulation tools to study how given designs will behave and affect reliability and energy consumption under various conditions. We work with both users and manufacturers of heat exchangers and may also help in developing new concepts and use of new materials.
SINTEF has extensive and versatile competence in development of heat pump technology. We have more than 60 years' experience within research and development of heat pump technology. Through close cooperation with NTNU, engineer and researcher education is integrated in our larger, long term projects to facilitate an efficient knowledge transfer to industry and commerce.
Installations for waterborne heating has been common in both commercial buildings and residences for many years. Such installations provide flexibility in the choice of energy source. Because of constantly stricter regulations regarding energy efficiency, modern buildings require less and less energy supply in the form of heat. One of the challenges in the future is effective operation of heating installations with low temperatures and small quantities of water.
SINTEF has advanced facilities for high throughput screening and is working with lab automation and high throughput screening in a range of projects. The robotic screening facility at SINTEF has state of the art equipment for efficient automation of assays and cultivation in microplate format. Several thousands of samples and cultures are processed per day on a regular basis in the screening facility.
Both field-scale simulations can be run with SINTEF's MDEM model, as well as hollow cylinder fracturing experiments in the laboratory, with fully equipped acoustic emission set-up enabling localisation of fractures. These are verified with CT-imaging and reconstruction.
Hydrogen will be an important supplement to electricity as an energy carrier in future sustainable energy systems. In addition to being fuel for the transport sector, hydrogen will contribute to increased utilization of renewable energy sources. The need for energy storage will increase dramatically, and hydrogen will be the preferred option for large amounts of energy, and storage over longer periods.
The HTL conversion process occurs in liquid phase, with water used as the reactive medium. During the process, the feedstock decomposes forming solids, a liquid phase, consisting of aqueous and oily streams and a small amount of gas. It is ideal for processing wet biomass since large thermal energy savings can be achieved by avoiding the drying step that is required in conventional thermal processes. Moreover, the energy used to heat up the feedstock in the HTL process can be recovered effectively from product streams. This leads to high energy efficiencies from raw feedstock to the biocrude of the HTL step.
Image analysis is the extraction of meaningful information from images; mainly from digital images by means of digital image processing techniques. Image analysis tasks can be as simple as reading bar coded tags or as sophisticated as identifying a person from their face. Our expertise in the field of image analysis covers the following subjects.
Image-guided therapy helps medical staff to look behind the surface of the skin and deep into the body. It can be compared with the GPS in a car. It makes surgery safer and in many cases less invasive. By connecting the CT or MR images taken before surgery, with the patient during surgery, the surgeon can plan the operation better and avoid damaging important structures during the operation. In addition, ultrasound recording during surgery make the image guided therapy safer and help the surgeon to remove a major portion of the tumor.
SINTEF Energy Research is a leader in the field of improving energy efficiency in shops and other energy-intensive buildings by means of its participation in projects such as 'CREATIV', 'INTERACT' and 'SuperSmart-Rack', among others. Furthermore, SINTEF Energy Research is preparing new and integrated energy systems for commercial building complexes with the aim of reducing both energy consumption and operational and investment costs.
Full inclusivity is prerequisite for a better society. Building and developing an inclusive, democratic society is a challenging task for most communities, whether local, regional, national or international, or virtual social media groups independent of political borders.
Agreement of inclusive working life (IA) between government and the social partners aim to reduce absenteeism, increase the actual retirement age and facilitate for working life for people with disabilities. SINTEF contribute to an inclusive working life through our broad expertise and knowledge of the illness, adaptation of jobs and the development of assistive devices.
Acoustic waves are often suitable for measuring and influencing physical systems and processes. For this purpose, our expertise in transducers for transmitting and receiving waves and the knowledge of the interaction between the waves and such systems or processes is essential. Increasingly, ultrasound is being used for non-destructive testing of materials and systems.
Industrial biotechnology is a key research area at SINTEF Materials and Chemistry. Industrial biotechnology uses enzymes and micro-organisms to make biobased products in sectors such as chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food and feed ingrediens, detergents, paper and pulp, textiles and bioenergy.
Information security involves ensuring that information is only available to those who are authorized to see it (confidentiality), that the accuracy of data is maintained (integrity), and that IT systems and other facilities are present and usable when and where they are needed (availability). It's all about bringing the right information to the right people at the right time.
We stimulate the development of new, improved Norwegian health products – based on requirements in the health sector. A large proportion of our activities is concerned with stimulating ideas. We organise meetings at which user groups, suppliers, research and development groups and the public sector support apparatus get together to exchange and implement good ideas. We are responsible for the activities of the InnoMed innovation programme in mid-Norway, and we also run supplier development and networking programmes for health-sector companies.
SINTEF has a long pedigree for developing reliable instrumentation system for harsh environments. Our competence in state-of-art packaging solutions has been key for this success. We can support, define and develop suitable technologies and solutions for e.g. interconnects, ceramic circuit boards, encapsulations and thermal management solutions.
Today's limited operational interaction between DSOs and TSOs needs to be strengthened, due to, e.g., more variable distributed generation (DG) and regulatory requirements. In grids where the volume of DG is increasing, more active monitoring and control are required. The DSO's role is changing and its future role has to be clarified. The DSO/TSO interface requires, e.g., efficient information exchange and coordinated congestion management.
Internet of Things (IoT) considers pervasive presence in the environment of a variety of things. Through wireless and wired connections and unique addressing schemes the things are able to interact with each other and cooperate with other things to create new applications/services and reach common goals.
Solar cells are made up of several thin layers of various materials, which are applied to an active (e.g. silicon) or passive (e.g. polymeric film) substrate. SINTEF has activities and expertise in a variety of thin film structures for solar cells.
During the last 10 to 15 years, SINTEF Energy Research has been working with both the liquefaction of hydrogen and value chains in which liquid hydrogen is incorporated into either part or the whole of the chain in question. In particular, hydrogen in liquid form is ideally suited for transport over long distances. It is also ideal as a means of conveying the gas both to industrial users and to hydrogen filling stations used by the transport sector.
For many decades, SINTEF Energy Research has combined with NTNU to develop components and systems linked to the use of liquefied natural gas. LNG is currently used extensively as a long-distance transport means for natural gas. Natural gas is commonly used to replace higher-carbon content fossil fuels (such as coal), in electricity generation, for domestic heating and cooking, and as fuel, in particular for vessels and heavy vehicles.
Department of Biotechnology and Nanomedicine has several projects focusing on increased value creation and generation of novel products from marine biomass and marine organisms. Marine microorganisms produce a range of components with biological activity.
Biological and biotechnological systems are often very complex, containing a large number (hundreds to thousands) of distinct chemical compounds. The use of mass spectrometry (MS) coupled to chromatographic separation (GC, LC, IC, FFF) allows for sensitive and robust quantification (ng/ml and below) of one or several selected compounds. This can be done even when the compound(s) of interest is present at very low concentration and in complex mixtures with closely related molecules. No other analytical technique can provide the same combination of sensitivity, selectivity and specificity for biological systems.
We have extensive experience in characterization of materials at the micron, nanometer and atomic scale using microscopy,diffraction and spectroscopic methods. We are specialized in tensile testing, shards impact tests, hardness measurement and structural analysis.
Wind turbines and their components are subjected to large long lasting loads and harsh environment resulting in high demands to the applied structural materials and protective coatings used. SINTEF Materials and Chemistry works on development, testing and modelling of a wide range of materials applied in wind turbines.
We work with research and development activities in mechanics and structural engineering, where the goal is to find component- and design solutions that utilize material properties and design optimally. We are using both simulation tools and experiments. Our employees have solid theoretical background, as well as practical experience.
SINTEF develops software dedicated for research. By having software developers who daily work closely with scientists and clinicians theories, algorithms and new technology are rapidly developed, integrated and tested in the medical environment.
Medical Technology is any technology that may be employed for the safe and effective prevention, diagnosis and treatment of, and rehabilitation after, illness and disease. It encompasses a wide range of products used to diagnose, monitor or treat diseases or medical conditions. Such technologies are aimed at improving the quality of health care by enabling earlier diagnoses, less invasive treatments, and reductions in hospital stays and rehabilitation times.
SINTEF do research and develop solutions for new and improved ultrasound imaging in connection with the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of clinical applications, such as neurosurgery, laparoscopic surgery, endovascular procedures, bronchoscopy, bone and MR-guided focused ultrasound treatment.
We have expertise in metal properties, design, processing and applications. We work with all sorts of metal, and especially with aluminum, steel and copper alloys. We focus on material and refining processes which are developed and adapted to achieve the desired product properties.
A self-sustaining and secure energy system is one of the main pillars of future society. The energy system (generation, transmission, demand) will become more decentralised with production taking place closer to customers and involving technologies such as solar panels, fuel cells, micro-turbines, storage and combined heat and power systems.
Microsystems are miniaturised systems that connect the physical to the digital world. A microsystem typically consists of a sensor, a processing unit and an actuator that triggers its operation. Nanotechnology is often integrated into microsystems to boost functionality and performance.
To be successful in today's marketplace, a company's business model, organisational structure and software systems and services should be geared towards constant change. Hence, adaptable software and services, which are based on open architectures and standards that meets the company's business requirements, customer's and partner's expectations are important.
SINTEF has gained considerable experience in data acquisition from vehicle sensor units. Based on data collected from smartphones, we can obtain motion data of vulnerable road users (e.g. pedestrians and cyclists). Such data can be used to analyse travel behaviour for pedestrians, cyclists, and users of public transport.
Numerical modelling of environmental processes supports objective, science-based management of natural resources as well as recreational and industrial activities. SINTEF is in the forefront in developing models addressing effects and risks associated with operational and accidental discharges to the environment.
This group’s expertise is concentrated on hydrodynamic loads on floating structures, and focuses on mooring systems, dynamic positioning (DP) and vortex-induced vibrations (VIV). We analyse wave loads and loading effects on floating structures, as well as model testing in the Ocean Basin and the Towing Tank for moored and dynamically positioned platforms and vessels.
The spot market is by far the largest market for the physical supply of electrical power. The spot market is a day-ahead market, but there are also markets that trade on an intra-day basis for the supply of reserves and balancing power, and for trading in bilateral contracts. The intention is that, within the electrical power system, trading in all these markets shall be linked together as part of the same production and transmission system. This requires multi-market planning.
SINTEF develops solutions employing nanotechnology and materials with improved or new functionality for a very wide range of applications, but in particular within the nationally prioritized areas energy, environment, health, natural resources, ICT and biotechnology.
Nanotechnology has a potential for applications within a wide range of EOR related techniques. It may be used for enabling new or improving existing EOR methods. Solutions of nano sized particles may also introduce new properties of the fluid which may improve the oil recovery when such fluids are injected into the reservoir. Currently SINTEF is working on a method where nano particles carrying active substances will be injected into the reservoir. The active material will be released at a location where it can result in mobilization of oil. In addition the retention loss of active material in the formation may be reduced by this transport process.
Navigation is the art and science of determining the position and course of an object of interest. In the past the term was most often applied to ships, but today navigation is more important than ever and affects everyone. The cutting edge of navigation technology is focused not only on ever improving accuracy, but also on increasing availability to allow users of smartphones and other devices to navigate indoors and out, as well as reliability to protect users of navigation products from errors.
Condensation of CO2 in heat exchangers and separators occurs in processes for liquefaction of a CO2-rich gas phase, for example to increase purity of the gas, to meet ship transportation specification. Through multiscale modelling and experimental activity, SINTEF works with combining nanotechnology with CCS process technology to increase efficiency of CO2 condensation.
Modelling and simulation of the physical phenomena involved during flow in porous media is essential for the understanding of reservoir processes. A number of methods and tools are used for this purpose, varying from commercial reservoir simulators to specially developed and dedicated simulators. The main emphasis is on methods for improved oil recovery and aquifer deposition of CO2. SINTEF Petroleum Research has experience and competence within:
MARINTEK possesses expertise in applying hydrodynamics and construction technology to offshore wind technology. Our capabilities include integrating advanced experiments, methods and theories with software development in ways that create important added value for our clients.
The Offshore Structures group has long experience and internationally recognised expertise in both theoretical and experimental hydrodynamics. Much of our activity is based on MARINTEK’s hydrodynamic laboratories, but we also possess world-leading expertise in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and numerical hydrodynamics.
Electricity from offshore wind farms can replace generation from fossil sources and will be an important part of a sustainable future energy system. It represents a golden opportunity to create new knowledge-based jobs and fuel a “green transition”.
Operation and maintenance costs constitute to a significant part of the total costs of offshore wind power. Therefore, the development of improved and new solutions for operation and maintenance (O&M) of offshore wind turbines and wind farms is an important contribution to make offshore wind power more cost-effective. SINTEF Energy Research has developed models and tools for optimizing O&M and has competence on inspection and condition monitoring of wind turbine components, especially electrical components, and components in the wind park's grid connection.
Environmentally friendly utilization of oil, natural gas and coal is becoming increasingly important. SINTEF has more than 30 years of experience in research and development of downstream conversion technology gained through long-term co-operation with the industry.
We have extensive experience with developing and executing projects related to oil/gas/water separation relevant for electrocoalescence separation, the liquefaction processes of natural gas, and developing potential studies related to subsea technology. Our services assist the industry in providing detailed experiments and models in order to optimize the construction and operation of equipment with respect to efficiency and costs. Our partners include research institutions and industry, both in Norway and abroad.
In certain geologic and hydrodynamic settings, an additional residual oil zone exists below the traditionally defined base (oil-water contact) of an oil reservoir. These residual oil zones exist where nature has already water-flooded the lower portion of an oil reservoir. To distinguish these naturally flooded zones from anthropogenic flooded zones, the term Paleo Residual Oil Zones is used. SINTEF Petroleum Research is currently involved in a study to:
The purpose of the planning and building legislation is to promote sustainable development in favor of individuals, the society and future generations. Together with the associated regulations and guidance, the Planning and Building Act is one of the most important framing factors for the Architecture, Engineering and Construction industry (AEC). The provisions of the legislation are implemented through governmental, regional and municipal planning and building administration, and put into practice by the professional actors in the building process.
At SINTEF we work with all types of polymers: thermoplastic polymers, thermosets, composites, elastomers and gels. Within these materials, we are involved in R&D along the complete value chain from raw materials to the properties of the final product.
Plug and abandonment (P&A) is the final stage of a well's lifetime, and the objective of P&A operations is to seal the well for eternity. P&A is an important focus area for SINTEF, with a special emphasis on long-term integrity of well barrier materials.
PFC commercial discrete element code is enhanced in house to describe realistic triaxial tests on µCT-generated images of rocks. The code can also be used to describe sonic wave propagation at the pore scale as well as permeability evolution as a function of stress path.
SINTEF has extensive expertise and experience in the field of power distribution grid analysis. Our experience and assignments range from the modelling and design of small and isolated electricity supply plants to detailed stability analyses of the interlinked Nordic power distribution grid.
The conversion of electric power by means of power electronics (converters) is playing an increasingly important role in various parts of the power system. Examples include the integration of renewable power plants, high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission and electrification of the oil and gas sector.
Deep-water subsea oil production installations require complex electrical power systems. There is currently a need for local supply systems close to wellheads serving equipment such as gas boosters, oil pumps and separators. In the future we anticipate the development of supply systems for long step-outs where high voltage DC represents a viable solution.
On the power exchange Nord Pool power prices are calculated every hour in different areas on daily basis. Through Nordel transmission system operators in Scandinavia are cooperating closely, and there exists a common market for balancing services during operations.
Society has become increasingly dependent on a stable electricity supply, where the power grid and electrical appliances / equipment functions without disturbing each other. Voltage quality is the part of the power quality concept that concerns the applicability of the voltage in the outlet.
We perform experimental and theoretical research and development along the value chain from mineral processing and materials characterisation to high temperature production, smelting and refining. We emphasize strong coupling between experimental activities and mathematical modelling and simulations.
SINTEF’s multi-technology basis has made flow assurance a key subject in many technological areas. Together with our industry partners we develop break-through technology solutions for the production and processing industries, including the oil production, metallurgical, hydrocarbon processing, chemical and petrochemical industries.
Petrochemical plants, power plants, offshore oil and gas facilities, paper mills are all examples of large industrial production plants. A common issue is to operate the plants with high throughput and with minimum use of energy and raw materials and low emissions. An example is to maximize the production from a set of oil wells or to maximize the amount of paper production for each unit of timber. This requires a well functioning control strategy and control system.
Process modelling at SINTEF is based on advanced mathematical modeling and simulation tools combined with our well-equipped laboratories and experimental facilities. Our research stretches from understanding and modeling of multiphase systems, material mechanics, manufacturing processes, to process design and optimization and industrial implementation.
We cooperate with both land based process industry and oil and gas companies in order to improve their processes in order to reduce emissions and improve efficiency. Simulation models of the process are developed to be used in conjunction with a suitable process synthesis methodology for process improvement. The main classes of process synthesis methodologies are: Optimization, thermodynamic methods such as pinch and exergy analysis, and heuristics.
In the field of process technology, we are currently working with theoretical analysis, modelling and simulation, combined with experimental approaches to the analysis, design and optimisation of industrial gas processes and efficient energy conversion systems. We are focusing on both open and cyclic processes – right down to single component level.
We have extensive experience with the design of integrated production systems including production resources, transport equipment, palletising stations and automated storage. In addition, we develop software solutions for operational control of the flow of goods.
We are internationally recognised in research on productivity and project management, and offers Norwegian business and management expertise and assistance to the promotion of Norwegian competitiveness. Our services cover both research, counseling and process development.
In order to develop materials with the necessary properties, it is important to develop a holistic understanding of the material requirements in relation to the end-product properties. We therefore offer product- and production expertise that can help our customers with their product development strategies.
Due to the population growth in cities, there is an increasing demand for clean and environmentally friendly transportation options. According to the Norwegian National Transport Plan 2014–2023, any growth in passenger traffic in urban areas must be conducted with climate neutral transportation modes.
Pyrolysis of biomass has grown significantly as a research area the last decade. SINTEF carries out basic and applied research within pyrolysis of biomass for increased process understanding and production of upgraded fuels. We work together with both national and international industry and research partners to develop and improve value chains with pyrolysis oil or biocarbon (charcoal) as the main end product.
The importance of security in relation to IT-systems and information technology is generally accepted. How to build and maintain secure systems is nevertheless a major challenge.We do research on methodology and tools aiming to simplify specification, development, maintenance, documentation and certification within the security field. This work is based on international standards for security (ISO/IEC 27002, Common Criteria), risk management (ISO/FDIS 31000, ISO/DGuide 73, AS/NZS 4360), system documentation (RM-ODP) and modelling (UML - Unified Modelling Language).
Because of world population growth, it is estimated that we must produce 70 % more food on the planet by 2050. In addition, it is necessary that we reduce greenhouse gas emissions dramatically. In this picture, it is important to preserve and utilize all the food being produced. One of the key elements is to gain control of the temperature immediately after harvest and capture, through processing and all the way to the end user. SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture is analysing, simulating, measuring and improving refrigeration systems to increase the benefit, increase product quality, reduce the negative impact on the climate, and to provide our customers with better profitability.
Industry and society are growing increasingly vulnerable. Failure in technical systems can cause serious problems to companies, or lead to disruptions to critical societal functions. Prevention of failure can thus have significant benefits for industry and society.
The conversion of electrical energy using power electronics has assumed an increasingly important role in various aspects of the power system. Examples include the integration of electricity derived from renewable sources, industrial and household loads, HVDC transmission and the electrification of the oil and gas sector. Growth in the importance of reliable energy conversion components to society as a whole is thus on the increase. Knowledge-building research is needed in order to better understand the fault mechanisms involved. We can then use the knowledge obtained to improve component reliability and to predict and prevent faults.
Development of renewable energy solutions is essential in order for us to be able to respond to the energy demands facing mankind today. Our research in renewable energy comprise development of processes for production of high quality single crystal and multi-crystal silicon, thin silicon materials and new materials and concept for solar cells. We develop blade and generator technology for offshore wind turbines, and new drilling technology and monitoring methods for deep geothermal energy.
Successful characterization and monitoring of the subsurface depends on advanced data acquisition and processing, and geophysical methods. The ultimate goal of these techniques is to image the properties of the reservoir and provide essential information for oil and gas applications ranging from exploration and enhanced oil recovery to CO2 storage. Being able to estimate the associated uncertainties is crucial for the correct interpretation of the resultant images and reliable economic and environmental assessments.
Knowledge of reservoir fluid properties at reservoir and production conditions (density, viscosity, phase behaviour, composition) and how reservoir fluids interact (interfacial tension, miscibility, diffusion) is required to interpret flow experiments and to perform numerical simulation of such processes. The reservoir laboratory provides routine and advanced fluid analyses for SINTEF projects and also offers advanced analysis services directly to external clients.
We are developing advanced numerical and experimental methods for structural analysis and integrity assessment of risers, umbilicals, power cables and pipelines. Our technology is based on a combination of theoretical knowledge, extensive use of laboratory facilities and cross-disciplinary engineering expertise.
The demand for safety is increasing in modern society. In the department of Safety Research, we see it as our mission to reduce the risk for loss of life in the world around us. We develop new knowledge and new solutions in the interface between man, technology, organisation and society. Our goal is to be a center of gravity for safety research in Norway, with researchers who are internationally recognized within their respective fields.
Optimal asset management of power system components must be based on analysis of technical condition, residual life, risk and profitability and optimal timing of maintenance and reinvestments. SINTEF Energy has developed expertise, methods and tools for such analysis of both power networks and hydropower plants.
Road and railway technology is a broad and interdisciplinary field that involves many parts of SINTEF, as well as our partner NTNU. We perform testing of materials and components in our own laboratories or in collaboration with NTNU.
For decades, robots have offered industries high-speed and high-precision task-solving capabilities. Today, they are deployed in new areas such as the petroleum industry, and in the domestic and healthcare sectors. SINTEF ICT has developed both universal and tailored robotic systems for a large range of applications within fields such as:
Safety, information security, and identity and trust management are becoming increasingly important in response to the accelerated use of ICT-based control systems and distributed services, and the increased exchange of sensitive information. People expect ICT-based systems to be safe and secure. However, the complexity of our systems renders total safety and security impossible.
Offshore platforms, the railway and process plants onshore are examples of systems where safety is of high importance. Because of this, they are equipped with safety systems to prevent harm on people, environment or property. These can be instrumented systems or administrative tools, as for example procedures on what to do when deviations from normal operation occur.
SINTEF has laboratories for testing of all sanitary products. We provide information for consumers, insurance companies, the building industry and the authorities. We work continuously to influence society to choose solutions that are not subject to water damage.
ICT is essential for operation of our critical infrastructure and to ensure that services function as expected. Our vision is a society in which all electronic and communication systems can be trusted and in which we can govern access to our personal data..
Self-healing electrical insulation materials for high voltage apparatuses are very attractive, especially for new and high-power demand applications when placed in locations which are difficult to access and in harsh environments. Applications include offshore wind farms, subsea grid and equipment located in the Arctic.
We are now living in a digital, service-based economy. Over the last decade, industries and all other sectors have adopted more service- and user-oriented approaches, placing customers at the centre and basing their communications with them regarding provision and use on the connectivity provided by the internet.
The Formation Physics department has developed unique competence regarding understanding the links between ultrasonic velocities and stress and deformation states in anisotropic, low permeability rocks. New models are developed, taking into account special features such as the presence of bound water on clay platelets. Of special interest is anisotropy effect on dispersion and attenuation of seismic waves. This is studied in the laboratory with a unique newly developed low frequency rig.
Silicon is the second most abundant chemical element in the earth's crust and is applied in a large variety of applications ranging from fine chemical industry, alloying element in aluminum and steel to semiconductor in electronics and solar cells.
Silicon radiation sensors are used for detecting ionizing particles and light. The department of Microsystems and Nanotechnology at SINTEF manufactures silicon radiation sensors adapted to customer specifications. Our services range from pure prototype development and device optimization to production processes. We offer foundry services as well as customer specific fabrication. Through in-house design and processing facilities, we offer flexibility at every level, from initial design to final detectors. At MiNaLab, we have long experience with different types of silicon radiation sensors, roughly divided into five categories.
Simulation and use of simulators in training of different professions has many advantages. Some of them are training in a risk free environments: the surgeon can work without risk to the patient or driver training can take place without risk to other road users or the driver.
The vision of smart cities is to facilitate better-informed and optimal preparation and use of the infrastructure services by means of ICT. This provides a potential for significant savings both in terms of cost and energy consumption, which is necessary to ensure sustainability of the modern society.
The integration of renewable energy into the electrical distribution grid, transportation electrification and energy efficiency in industry and households, will require massive investment in infrastructure in the years to come. Smart Energy infrastructure requires a fusion of information and communication technologies and the use of more traditional electrical power technologies. Key areas of expertise within the fields of Smart Grids and Smart Energy include:
Future energy systems will include more production from renewable energy sources and increased consumer flexibility. At the same time future energy systems must be robust and reliable. ICT technology will increasingly be used to monitor, control and automate the grid.
Future energy systems will include more production from renewable energy sources and increased consumer flexibility. At the same time future energy systems must be robust and reliable. ICT technology will increasingly be used to monitor, control and automate the grid.
In SmartWear teams SINTEF researchers within ICT, materials science, physiology and product work across the boundaries between their respective disciplines to develop products with new functionalities and features. Smart Wear is intelligent textiles and clothing with built-in technology.
Social economics is the study of how scarce resources can be used most effectively - ie how to create the highest possible welfare for the society. SINTEF's goal is to provide stakeholders in the public and private sector basis for decisions when faced with problems that cannot be solved in a good way just by commercial methods.
A safe and secure society is capable of maintaining its vital functions also when put under stress. It is a society where critical societal functions are rarely put out of play, and where accidents, natural hazards and malicious intended acts do not lead to grave consequences for life, health, environment or material values. It is a society where organizations and government is able to control the hazards that we are able to predict, and at the same time being able to deal with the scenarios which we failed to predict.
Software represents the pen and paper of our digital age. In its “ISTAG” report, the EU Commission has highlighted the relevance of software to the European economy and society as a whole, and has termed it a Key Enabling Technology (KET). As a KET, software is defined as essential to wealth generation and socioeconomic development due to its ability to accelerate innovation in industry, business and the public sector, and for its contribution to social innovation.
Faster, better and cheaper are challenges that IT companies face every day. The customer's expectations shall be met in a world where constant change in environment, organization and technology are the rule rather than the exception. A solution for meeting these challenges is to share knowledge and experience – utilize what others have already learned. This may seem self-evident, but experience shows that many people struggle to get started and to maintain focus on continuous improvement.
SINTEF works closely with the industry to develop methods that provide high-quality silicon material for the fabrication of high-efficiency solar cells. The most commonly used methods are Czochralski pulling of single crystals and directional solidification of multi crystalline silicon.
When light interacts with matter the interaction is different for different wavelengths, reflecting the physical (e.g. the electronic or structural) properties of the material. Measurement of the spectral response – spectroscopy – can thus be used to map out material properties. Such measurements are useful for a large range of industrial applications.
Power lines represent approx. half of the new value investment within the power distribution grid. In high voltage distribution grids and master grids, power line failures represent by far the major cause of losses and costs. The challenge for the power distributor is to adopt methods which are able at an early stage to identify potential threats in the form of reduced capacity and lifetimes, and to exploit the opportunities for timely initiatives, investments and knowledge application.
Subsea production, processing and transport of oil and gas requires reliable power supply.In co-operation with oil companies and vendors we are closing the technology gaps related to deep and ultra-deep waters, higher power requirements and longer step-outs.SINTEF possesses extensive facilities for combined high voltage and high pressure testing of equipment and materials.
The costs for repair and maintenance of high voltage equipment installed in deep waters can be very high. Therefore, high operating reliability is crucial for the components placed at the seabed. At high hydrostatic pressures, water ingress is the most challenging for the electrical insulations systems and materials used in power supply components. Due to environmental issues the equipment positioned at remote distances from land must be supplied by using subsea power cables. In many cases this calls for developments of new technologies, such as pressure compensated high voltage components.
Switchgear development requires experimental test programs, together with theoretical evaluations. SINTEF has access to NTNUs medium voltage, directly powered switchgear laboratory, and primarily addresses issues related to load current interruption. We combine our experimental research with use of simulation tools within fluid dynamics, electrostatic field theory, black box arc modeling and circuit analysis.
A main challenge in transmission system operation is to ensure optimal utilization of the existing power grid. Available transmission capacity is to a large extent determined from transfer limits on critical power transmission corridors. These transfer limits are usually determined from operational security considerations, taking into account critical contingencies and the risk of thermal overloads and stability problems.
SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Department of Biotechnology and Nanomedicine has been and currently is coordinating and participating in several transdisciplinary national and international projects aiming at systems scale understanding of microbial cells. The aim is to develop them into efficient microbial cell factories by means of metabolic engineering and applying top-down Synthetic Biology and metabolic engineering approaches.
SINTEF ICT works with technology providers across all application areas. We transfer applied ICT research to products and services in close collaboration with technology providers and end-users. In the case of some companies, we work as an extension of their own research and development departments either by contributing valuable specialist expertise, or by providing independent research, development and innovative input. For other companies, we work together with the technology provider to supply complete research and development services, including implementation involving end-users. In such cases we expect the technology provider to take responsibility for final integration and commercialisation of the product. In many cases our pool of applied knowledge within generic fields allows us to cross-fertilise between applications and market sectors, creating new opportunities and valuable ideas. We also endeavour to address more difficult challenges by building multidisciplinary research teams using the best researchers from both within and outside SINTEF.
SINTEF is appointed as Notified Body (NB) for all sub-systems under the EU directive Council Directive 2008/57/EC on the Interoperability of the rail system within the community. This is implemented by The Centre for Railway Certification ("Senter for Jernbanesertifisering" - SJS) within SINTEF ICT.
Torrefaction is a thermochemical process for pretreatment of biomass. The treatment results in increased heating value and increased energy density (after compaction), lower grinding energy requirement, smaller particles and narrower particle size distribution after grinding and a hydrophobic nature of the solid product. The hydrophobic nature means that the solid product has much better water repelling properties, which makes it very resistant to biodegradation. Dry torrefaction is often referred to as a mild pyrolysis (200-300 ºC) process, which means that the thermal degradation occurs at relatively low temperature and at inert conditions. Wet torrefaction is also possible, where the biomass is heated in pressurized water. The pressure is high enough to keep the water in liquid form, and lower temperatures are needed compared to dry torrefaction. The additional benefits of wet torrefaction are the possibility to use very wet biomass as well as washing out water soluble ash elements.
A power transformer is a complex apparatus with windings, core, tap-changer, bushings etc., designed and manufactured for many years of operation in a power system. SINTEF has know-how and runs projects in the transformer technology field; spanning from development and testing of materials for manufacturers, ageing performance, condition monitoring and life estimation, to analysis of interaction between power systems and transformers. A big challenge for the utilities is asset management of ageing transformer fleets.
A transmission system consists of overhead lines and underground cables, combined with power transformers for voltage level conversion. It represents the backbone of any modern electrical power infrastructure and must therefore be designed to withstand disturbances and record very small probabilities of power outages.
In its National Transport Plan, the Norwegian government has a stated objective to deliver a transport system that is resource-efficient, easily accessible, safe and environmentally friendly. Information and communication technology represents an important means of achieving these goals.
Norway has a vision for no fatal accidents, or no accidents with severe injuries in the transport domain. To achieve this ambitious goal, the transport system, the means of transport, and the regulations must be developed and adapted to minimise human error.
With our medical technology, surgeons can see and operate within the body. This surgical technique is possible because the surgeon navigates by advanced three-dimensional maps that show him the way around the inside of the body. 3D ultrasonic images enable the surgeon to see changes in the tissue during the operation itself. The system has been developed by research groups in Trondheim. Thanks to close collaboration with clinicians at St. Olav's Hospital and NTNU, we in SINTEF have succeeded in combining real-time 2D ultrasonics with 3D images made with ultrasonics, MR (magnetic resonance) and x-rays.
During the coming decades, the introduction of large-scale carbon management processes could make a much needed contribution towards the reduction of anthropological global warming. We are currently analysing the entire carbon value chain – from capture, via transport to storage – and are looking into what we need to make the necessary infrastructure a reality. The combined process of carbon capture, transport and storage is currently regarded as one of the most important measures we can take to reduce anthropological CO2 emissions. A great deal of basic research has been carried out to look into certain essential elements required to achieve carbon management in practice. These include the development and enhancement of capture technologies and the investigation of potential CO2 storage options. However, there are significantly fewer studies examining the carbon value chain as a holistic system.
The WtE sector is the backbone of the district heat network in Norway. However, WtE faces an array of challenges concerning process stability and energy efficiency, energy utilisation, environmental emissions (and carbon footprint), integration in future flexible energy systems, econimic aspects as well as public perception and regulative framework. SINTEF works on all those aspects both technically and at the value chain level.
Our staff is very experienced in solving problems and research performance related to welding and joining of materials applied in tough environments, where both the process and the product are in focus. Our strength is to combine theoretical knowledge, modelling and laboratory experiments.
Welfare technology is a strategic initiative in SINTEF. Welfare technology includes technological assistance delivered through technology used by and supporting the user in different interaction within the municipality or between relatives. Welfare technology is spesificly aimed at elderly people, people with chronic diseases or people with activity limitations.
Welfare Technology can help people in their daily lives. Examples include intelligent aids such as cleaning robots, sensors embedded in clothing, and smart homes. Welfare technology is closely linked to Ambient Assisted Living (AAL), but whereas AAL focuses on "addressing the needs of an aging population", Welfare Technology also addresses other users such as the disabled, schools, day care centres and workers in general.
It is important to ensure well integrity throughout the life-cycle of the well. At SINTEF, we are working with understanding and predicting failure of well barriers, as well as understanding how drilling operations and well design influence long-term well integrity during production and after abandonment.
Since the beginning of the eighties SINTEF has accumulated an extensive and versatile competence within development of small-scale heating technologies for the residential sector through solid biomass combustion, e.g. within pellets- and wood stove technologies.
Work is the basis of production and wealth creation in all societies and is a fundamental arena of human expression. Most people have a basic desire to work. A significant part of our identity is linked to the professional role, about being valued, using skills and knowledge and of belonging.