Innovations and impact of NCCS research
Maximising impact from our research is an important task for NCCS. In this study, we have selected four of the twelve research tasks and assessed the potential impact of the research and innovation given that the research is successful. In this context, impact can be measured along several axis. Examples are reduced emissions, economic impact (increased value creation, saved costs), better decision making, saved energy, industrial potential etc.
Through the study, we illustrate how the research and expected innovations will impact CCS chains and society when being applied. The reference system is the envisaged CCS network in Europe by 2030. It is an ambition to perform the same study on all research tasks in NCCS throughout 2020.
Research within CO2 capture, transport and storage is multi-disciplinary and covers a wide range of topics. Consequently, the outcomes have different characteristics with respect to type of innovation, maturity and applicability in the CCS chain. The innovations covered in this study mainly fall under four categories: 1) New technology, 2) Models and calculation tools, 3) New methods, and 4) New standards and guidelines.
NCCS Deployment Cases - directing research for maximum impact
NCCS originally defined two CCS deployment cases (DCs) to help structure and align the research, and support NCCS in fulfilling its ambition to overcome critical barriers and accelerate CCS deployment. NCCS DC2025 - CCS for Norwegian Industry is similar to the Norwegian full-scale project and includes CO2 capture from industry sources and transport with ship to ensure a flexible solution for CO2 storage on the Norwegian continental shelf (NCS). One storage site in offshore aquifer is anticipated, with capacity 1-1.5 Mt/year in 2025.
The second deployment case, NCCS DC2050 - Storing Europe's CO2 comprises captured CO2 from numerous sources in Europe and transport via a pipeline network to Norwegian storage sites in the North Sea. Several major storage sites are foreseen, some with opportunity for EOR, and storage capacity is ~100 Mt/year by 2050.
For this NCCS impact study a third deployment case is defined to serve as basis for analyses: NCCS DC2030 - Unfolding CCS in Europe. DC2030 incorporates all European CCS projects implemented, under construction and under planning in Europe aiming to be in operation within 2030. It includes industry sources, power generation, natural gas processing and H2 production. A combination of ship and pipeline transport of CO2 to aquifers and depleted gas fields ensures flexibility. Capacity in 2030 is estimated to 15-20 Mt/year, with ambition to increase to >40 Mt/year after 2030.