NCCS Annual report 2019
CO2 capture, transport, and storage (CCS) is a process where waste carbon dioxide (CO2) is captured from large industrial plants, transported in pipelines or ships, and deposited so it will not enter the atmosphere. EU energy and climate targets cannot be met cost-effectively without CCS.
How can NCCS help?
NCCS (Norwegian CCS Research Centre) is a Centre for Environment-Friendly Energy Research. NCCS aims to fast-track CCS by working closely with the industry on research that addresses major barriers in making CCS happen in Norway, Europe, and the world.
Read more about the centre in the complete annual report at the bottom of this page.
Interview with the Chairman of the Board and the Centre Director
"That's why a research center like NCCS, where industry, R&D, authorities and academia cooperate to fast-track CCS deployment in Norway, Europe and the world, is so important".
Sailing towards lower cost & legal certainty for CCS
When the idea of large-scale CCS was introduced, pipelines were foreseen as the main means of transport due to the low cost for large capacities. But with a stronger focus on bringing European CO2 emissions to the Norwegian Continental Shelf, shipping has now emerged as a more attractive option from both a cost and risk perspective.
Studying the Outdoor Lab of Svalbard
According to the Climate in Svalbard 2100 report, average annual temperatures on Svalbard have risen by 4°C since 1971, with winter temperatures rising by more than 7°C. The remote Arctic archipelago is one of the places hardest hit by the early impact of climate change. The rate of glacial calving has increased rapidly. Meanwhile, the increasing number of avalanches have impacted human life, while native wildlife from reindeer to polar bears have been affected by profound seasonal changes.
Impacts and innovations
Maximising impact from our research is an important task for NCCS.
In this study, we have selected four of the twelve research tasks and assessed the potential impact of the research and innovation given that the research is successful. In this context, impact can be measured along several axis. Examples are reduced emissions, economic impact (increased value creation, saved costs), better decision making, saved energy, industrial potential.
Solvent loss reduction
Main impact: Reduced OPEX and improved safety in operation and operational environment
Increased storage capacity with improved fault models
Main impact: Reduced uncertainty resulting in improved safety for storage sites and increased storage capacity
Hydrogen-firing of gas turbines
Main impact: Novel technology for combustion of 100% H2 in gas turbines, allowing large-scale emission free power generation at high efficiency (>60%)
NCCS is organised in 12 Tasks. Each Task focuses on different aspects of CCS, both on the national and international scale. Together they work towards fast tracking CCS deployment and becoming a world leading centre for CCS research.
Research results in use by partners
The activity on optimal ship transport provides valuable knowledge for partners like TOTAL and Equinor in their development of 7-bar ship technology – to enable cost reductions beyond the first stage in Norwegian full scale and make it cheaper for European industries to send CO2 to Norway. The new approach to CCS design under uncertainties will improve the functionality of the iCCS tool, which NCCS partners intend to use. The legal activity provides support to address the legal shortcomings to enable ship-based CCS chains.
Developments are closely monitored for technologies with a potential to climb on the TRL ladder, so they can be tested, for example at Technology Centre Mongstad (TCM). Both DORA and online FT-IR on solvent samples are technologies that may be relevant, but for this to happen, FT-IR on solvent samples have to be validated online and TCM must run open test campaigns where new technologies can be included as part of the pilot plan. The work done related to measuring oxygen in solvents, testing of various sensors and validation are important and the results can be used in industry and pilot scale directly.
The results from direct numerical simulations and experiments have revealed distinctive features that significantly differentiate combustion of hydrogen from combustion of methane (natural gas) – this must be taken into account in the design of gas turbine burners. Results from the close cooperation between SINTEF/NTNU and Ansaldo Energia are already used to validate simplified (low order) models used by Ansaldo Energia to optimize design and operation of the gas turbine.
Our 'Battelle two-curve method' tool incorporating EOS-CG has been reported to be used by NCCS partners. The SINTEF coupled FE-CFD model for predicting running-ductile fracture in CO2 pipes was employed by the Northern Lights project.
The TREND thermodynamics tool, which is used by the industry for process analyses, came in a new version in 2019. At the request of the industry partners, we made a comparison of measurement data and models for state conditions and mixtures, that are of major importance for ship transport in the Northern Lights project. The industry partners have shown great interest in the planning of ultrasonic meter testing. This activity could attract new industrial partners to NCCS.
The Geo model developed by the UiO group for the Johansen Formation (under FME SUCCESS) has been in demand and has been handed over to the Northern Lights project in connection with well planning at Aurora. We are experiencing increased interest in Geo models for Smeaheia now that the well at Gladsheim is dry, and we are seeing renewed interest in Smeaheia as a storage area from Equinor.
Two KPN/KSP projects were established during 2019. They will develop methods for monitoring the integrity of plugged and abandoned wells (TOPHOLE) and methods for monitoring CO2 storage using electromagnetic methods (EM4CO2). Aker Solutions is looking at the possibility of using results from TOPHOLE to create a new cost-effective method for well monitoring. EMGS (involved in both Task 12 and EM4CO2) has focussed on verifying and improving the use of electromagnetic methods as a supplement to seismicity.
New NCCS partners in 2019
All NCCS partners continue to make important contributions to our research. Thank you! In 2019 we were proud to introduce two new partners to NCCS: Vår Energi and Lundin AS. Also, Baker Hughes is in the final stages of joining NCCS and will be part of the Centre in 2020.
Read about our new partners i the pdf version of the Annual Report on the bottom of this page.
Moving into 2020 we continue to look for new partners to join our mission to fast-track CCS deployment through industry-driven science-based innovation.