Annual report NCCS 2017
Fast-tracking CCS to clean the atmosphere
CO2 capture, transport and storage (CCS) is a process were waste carbon dioxide (CO2) is captured from large industrial plants, transported in pipelines or ships, and deposited so it will not enter the atmosphare (like in underground geological formations). EU energy and climate goales cannot be met cost-effectively without CCS, while making sure we have enough energy to go around.
NCCS (Norwegian CCS Research Centre) is a Centre for Environment-friendly Energy Research (FME). NCCS aims to fast-track CCS deployment.
How can NCCS help? NCCS aims to fast-track CCS by working closely with the industry on research topics designed to address major barriers in making CCS happen in Norway, Europe, and the world. NCCS research focuses on two "CCS Deployment Cases": CCS for Norwegian Industry and Storing Europe's CO2 in the North Sea.
Researchers focus on tasks related to the CCS technologies for the Norwegian full-scale case, and find clever ways to integrate capture with transport, and with storage. Any ways to reduce the cost of CCS will be a savings for each taxpayer! There is a huge potential in the North Sea to store CO2 from all over Europe, and NCCS will unlock this potential through
dedicated research that has been pointed by the industry as addressing key barriers.
2017 by the numbers
Greetings from the Director
Mona J. Mølnvik, Centre Director NCCS
Dr. Mona J. Mølnvik is the NCCS Centre Director. She has been with SINTEF for 20 years, and has been active in CCS research since the early 2000s.
Mona holds a PhD within mechanical engineering from NTNU and is Research Director for the Gas Technology department at SINTEF Energy Research.
She was central in developing and leading the centre of excellence,
FME BIGCCS - International CCS Research Centre (2009-2016). Further, she has been involved in several EU-projects.
Mona has been a central contributor to development of CCS research strategies, and she was the first leader of the CO2 transport initiative under EERA JP Carbon Capture and Storage.
Message from the Chairman of the Board
The UN Sustainability goals will require a balanced solution for both economic growth, food security, reliable energy supplies and reduced emissions of climate gases to the atmosphere to provide increased welfare to the global population. The transition toward a low carbon energy system is a major challenge for our society. This energy transition will require a set of new technological solutions, such as renewable energy, energy storage, low carbon transport solutions and carbon capture, utilization and storage.
Carbon capture, utilization and storage is a feasible and cost-efficient solution to combat climate change compared to other solutions. It is the only solution to cut emissions from many industrial sources, industries that produce key products to our society. However, the cost has to be reduced further.
NCCS is a key competence and research center, already contributing with new technological solutions to ongoing development projects. The ambition is to develop new technological solutions to reduce costs significantly for future development projects. This is important to deliver cost efficient solutions for a low carbon future, ensuring the long-term welfare of our society.
The first year of research have set the scene and direction. Now it's time to deliver CCS technologies for future low-cost CCS projects.
for increased CO2-EOR efficiency
Injection of CO2 into oil fields can increase the amount of oil produced (CO2-EOR), while at the same time storing large amounts of CO2. This is the only currently available method to significantly reduce the overall cost of a CCS chain. CO2-EOR has been in use for several decades at onshore fields in North America.
Why quantitative monitoring
is important for cost-efficient CO2 storage
Implementation of large-scale CCS is currently mainly limited by cost aspects. The storage and monitoring are parts of the value chain where significant cost reduction is desired. However, the geological reservoir and seal are difficult to characterize and uncertainties may be large. In addition, monitoring, verification and accounting (MVA) of CO2 storage are legal requirements meant to ensure containment and conformance during the injection and after the site is closed.
Bikes, gravel and
CO2 flow out of equilibrium
In NCCS Task 7 we work to improve and expand our knowledge on the design and operation of safe and efficient CO2-transport systems. Part of this is to understand CO2 flows that are out of equilibrium. We'll try to give a flavour of what we mean by non-equilibrium here: Two quantities in non-equilibrium, if left alone for a while, will tend to approach each other. Also, two quantities in equilibrium can get into non-equilibrium if conditions change.
NCCS is organised in 12 Tasks. Each Task focuses on different aspekts of CCS, both on the national and international scale. Together they work towards fast tracking CCS deployment and becoming a world leading centre for CCS research.
To read more about each Task, and view the 2017 results, click on your desired Task below.
One of the most important tasks of NCCS is to educate master's and doctoral students in CCS research so that they can continue this knowledge in the work of CCS, whether they work in industry or as researchers. During the first year, 4 PhD fellows have been recruited and 3 postdoctoral fellows are in the starting pit.
For a full overview of our PhD fellows and more on education in NCCS, visit our Education page.
As NCCS is an industry-led center in the start-up phase, great effort has been made to create good arenas and processes for cooperation with industry partners.
An important and highly successful measure to insure industry relevance has been establishing "families" in each task. The Task families include specialists from industry and research actors with particular interest in the topics addressed. Through workshops and Skype meetings, all partners are able to contribute to technical discussions and affect ambition for next year's work program.
The Centre aims to be dynamic, addressing challenges of high relevance to industry. An important tool for this is the Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), which was established in 2017. The committee consists of, and is led by industry. The purpose is to advise the Center Director on strategic choices of direction, and prioritization of topics in the portfolio of research activities.
Selected NCCS blogs
Fruitful research visit to MIT related to low emission H2 production
SINTEF Industry recently published a study on the interaction between CO2 molecules and the surface of BaZrO3 – a membrane material utilized in…
Future Business Models for CCS: Hydrogen from natural gas
This blog on the possibilities in hydrogen from natural gas is based on a presentation held at the GCCSI Seminar 21.-22. March 2018 in Oslo, Norway.…
What are our greatest transformative infrastructure projects?
Last week, after a stop-over in Toronto, I flew over the Great Lakes. Far below me was Thunder Bay. After a dose of…
TCCS-9: Two days of CCS research and innovation in 750 words
TCCS-9 is history! The conference held on June 12-14, 2017, drew 355 delegates from 24 countries, and had 125 oral presentations including 10…
First NCCS Board Meeting
The first NCCS Board meeting took place in Trondheim on April 27, 2017. Naturally, this meeting focused on “start-up” issues. Chairman of the…