Strategic activities in Europe
Active participation in organisations spearheading strategic CCS development across Europe is a priority for NCCS. In this way, NCCS and Norway can contribute to the agenda-setting of CCS.
Dr. Nils Røkke (Chair of the NCCS Special Advisory Group and the Centre Assembly) is the current Chair of the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA). With 175 research centre and university members from 27 countries, EERA's objective is to build on national and EU research initiatives and to be the cornerstone in the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan. The CCS Joint Programme under the EERA (EERA JPCCS) is an authority on CCS RD&I.
Since 2010, Dr. Nils A. Røkke has been co-chair of the European Technology Platform for Zero Emission Fossil Fuel Power Plants (ZEP). ZEP is a coalition of stakeholders united in their support for CO2 capture and storage as a key technology for combating climate change. ZEP serves as advisor to the EU Commission on the research, demonstration and deployment of CCS. Focus on improving the CCS funding situation in the recently-released FP9 (Horizon Europe) program will continue in 2020.
The EERA CCS-JP provides strategic leadership to its partners and coordinates national and European RD&I programs to maximize synergies, facilitate knowledge sharing and deliver economies of scale to accelerate the development of CCS. Dr. Marie Bysveen has held the coordinator role in JP-CCS since 2015.
NCCS Mobility Program
Researcher mobility can be a catalyst for innovation, networking, knowledge sharing, and dissemination between research institutions and partners that cannot be done as efficiently remotely. In 2019, NCCS launched a dedicated mobility program to facilitate these activities.
In total, NCCS has awarded eight mobility grants, of which four have been completed in 2019. Blogposts about the research stays are available on the SINTEF Energy Blog.
Thermal Conductivity in CCS – New measurement data in unchartered territory
In the first call for proposals in late 2018, Task 8: Fiscal metering and thermodynamics and its leader, Senior Research Scientist Sigurd W. Løvseth, was awarded funding for a research stay at the University of Western Australia (UWA) for seven months in 2019 to work on closing the knowledge gap on thermal conductivity. We are also grateful for complementary funding from the CLIMIT programme.
Utilization of Municipal Solid Waste to Achieve Negative CO2 Emissions
Martin Haaf, Research Scientist at the Institute for Energy Systems & Technology (EST) at Technische Universität Darmstadt (Germany), had a three month stay at SINTEF Energy Research. Martin studied fluidized bed-based CCS processes, with particular interest in calcium looping technology. His background and research motivation complimented the content of NCCS Task 6 CO2 capture process integration, which partly focuses on CO2 capture process integration into Waste-to-Energy (WtE) plants. A paper, “Impact of Uncertainties on the Design and Cost of CCS From a Waste-to-Energy Plant” was published with NCCS researchers and Martin as a result of his mobility grant.
Oxidative degradation of CO2 capture
From her NCCS Mobility Travel blogpost:
“The problem that we are trying to solve, is something that is important for both economy and environment. Oxidative degradation of the chemicals used for CO2 capture is very problematic and for the time being difficult to control. Imagine a bruised apple, which has turned brown because of oxidation. You can’t get your fresh red apple back and are left with the choice between eating a less tasty apple or buying a new one ....
Multiphase CO2 flOw: New numerical method
During her stay at SINTEF, the team collaborated to include an accurate thermodynamic model that can describe the behavior of both liquid and gas carbon dioxide. They implemented this model into the simulation software that we have developed in Zürich, and now we are able to compare its capabilities, especially in terms of robustness and computational time, with existing simulation tools.
Horizon 2020 - ongoing projects
ELEGANCY – Enabling a Low-Carbon Economy via Hydrogen and CCS
As the only technology that can substantially reduce CO2 emissions from fossil fuels, CCS is an essential component in essentially all IPCC scenarios that limit global warming to below 2°C.
ALIGN-CCUS - Accelerating low-carbon industrial growth through CCUS
The project is part of NCCS Task 11 Reservoir management and EOR. The multi-partner ALIGN-CCUS project unites science and industry in a shared goal of transforming six European industrial regions into economically robust, low-carbon centres by 2025.
Project Coordinator: Ragnhild Rønneberg, The Research Council of Norway
Asahi Kasei Europe, Bellona, British Geological Survey, CO2 Club Association, ECN, FEV, Forschungszentrum Jülich, GeoEcoMar, Heriot-Watt Univ., IFE, Imperial College London, Leiden Univ., Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Europe, Norcem, NTNU, NUSPA, PicOil, RWE Power, RWTH Aachen Univ., Scottish Enterprise, SINTEF, TAQA Energy, TCM, Tees Valley Combined Authority, TNO, UK Pilot-scale Advanced Capture Technology Facilities-PACT, Univ. of Edinburgh, Univ. of Groningen, and Yara.
Strategic cooperation with other countries
Cooperation with University of Alberta is initiated with focus on reducing costs for low carbon hydrogen production based on adsorption-based CO2 capturetechnologies [Task 1].
Application sent to bilateral program for energy research Norway-China, includes phase equilibria measurements. Title: Technology and demonstration of combined cooling, heating and power based on photovoltaic-solar thermal-energy storage-heat pump composite system – ECOCHINO [Task 8].
INTPART application titled ”CO2EduNet – The Norway – United States – South Africa Network for Research based CCS Education” was developed as a cooperation with South-Africa. Partners were: University of Oslo, NTNU, SINTEF, The NETL lead Carbon Capture Simulation for Industry Impact consortium (CCSI2): Carnegie Mellon University, SACCCS/University of Pretoria. The application was not granted [Task 9].
- Sandia NL at Combustion Research Facility, Livermore, CA is a very active research partner contributing to hydrogen combustion activities [Task 5].
- One publication is written as a cooperation between Ruhr Universität Bochum and NIST (USA). Title: Fundamental Thermodynamic Models for Mixtures Containing Ammonia. Sent to Fluid Phase Equilibria [Task 8].
- Cooperation with University of Texas Austin and their projects in the Gulf of Mexico is established under the new spin-off project FRISK. PhD student Johnathon Osmond has received a NCCS mobility stipend og will visit Austin for some months during 2020 [Task 9].
- Fruitful cooperation with Jaisree Iyer from Lawrence Livermore and Greg Lackey from National Energy Technology Laboratory about the Well Integrity Atlas. LLNL is partner in NCCS and NETL has obtained additional funding from Department of Energy [Task 10].
- Cooperation with Lawrence Livermore National Labs on monitoring of well integrity (via TOPHOLE) [Task 12].
- The new approach for design of CCS value chains under uncertainties is used in a cooperation with a PhD candidate from Technische Universität Darmstadt (Germany), [Task 1].
- PhD candidate from NTNU has, via the NCCS mobility program, spent one month at TNO (Netherlands) working with oxygen solubility [Task 2].
- Cooperation with TU Munich (Germany) under the KPN project ”Reheat2H2”. TUM contributes with a unique experimental setup [Task 5].
- NCCS was host for PhD student from TU Darmstadt (Germany). Cooperation on integration of energy recovery plant with CaL for CO2 capture. The student stayed at SINTEF from March to June 2019, og the cooperation continued throughout the year producing a joint publication (submitted for publishing) [Task 6].
- A Postdoc from University of Zürich (Switzerland) working on development of highly accurate numerical methods for multiphase flow of CO2, had a research period at SINTEF. The cooperation aimed at integrating the CO2 thermodynamic into the method [Task 7].
- We have an extensive cooperation with Ruhr Univ. Bochum (Germany). This is related to a CO2-N2- CH4 paper for publishing and other development activities [Task 8].
- A PhD candidate from University of Western Australia (Australia) astayed at SINTEF for the period August to December [Task 8].
- Cooperation with the Mont Terri laboratory (Switzerland) og Herriot Watt University in Edinburgh (Scotland) is established under the FRISK KPN project. PhD student Peter Betlem had a short research stay in Netherlands where he spent time with Shell’s DETECT project og Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam [Task 9].
- Cooperation with University of Southampton (Great Britain) under EM4CO2 with the aim of developing electromagnetic methods for CO2 monitoring [Task 12].
- Cooperation with BGS (Great Britain), which contributes in analysis methods for seismic data. Annual budget is 1 MNOK [Task 12].