Other emissions - SP9
SP9 will reduce emissions from mobile units through logistics optimization and zero-emission vessels. Better technologies for methane emissions mapping and abatement will also be developed.
- Reduce emissions from mobile units used for O&G operations on the NCS.
- Measure/characterize CH4 emissions from platforms and develop efficient abatement strategies.
This SP seeks to reduce emissions from mobile units through logistics optimisation and zero-emission vessels. The development of better technologies for methane emissions mapping and abatement is also planned.
The overall objective is two-fold: to reduce emissions from offshore mobile units by optimizing logistics as well as ensuring utilization of low-emission vessels, and secondly to reduce methane and NMVOC emissions from crude oil tankers and installations.
- A desk top study summarising practices, challenges and tools for offshore upstream logistics in Norway from earlier research projects. The plan for 2020 is to obtain a deeper understanding of the status quo in offshore logistics planning and emissions mitigation measures in cooperation with relevant industry partners and a common direction in the development of a decision support tool for offshore supply fleet planning.
- Under the task “Hydrogen- and battery electrically-driven offshore vessels“ SP9 has focused on test protocols for PEMFCs in offshore vessels. We have created a protocol which includes characterization of short stacks and their behaviour under simulated operation.
- We have analysed Methane emission measurement data and identified gaps to be addressed. One identified gap was proper oil characterization procedures. In 2019 we have drafted such a procedure.
- To understand dynamics under loading, we started work on CFD simulation of convection in the liquid and the gas phase in a cargo tanks and drawing experience from an experiment on the loading pipelines.
- There is a major “trust gap” in methane emissions estimates for installations. We have outlined a strategy for improving emission estimates on the Norwegian continental shelf and to pin-point possible “super emitters” which may go under the radar today.
Impact and innovations
The LowEmission center is to be a driver for industry-wide emission reduction efforts. In this regard, SP9 leverages digitalization of logistics, is doing R&D to bring better vessel fuel cells to market and spearheads a search for major methane emitters on the NCS.