Energy system simulation models

Energy modelling has been and still is the most basic approach in aiding energy planners. Energy models are generalized descriptions of the physical energy systems. Depending upon the purpose for modelling, the level of detail needed and the assumptions made, the components of a system can be modelled by taking into consideration physical characteristics and phenomena as well as complex relations between system parameters.

Energy system models can be distinguished by their level of aggregation/detail in modelling the system and its components, as well as by their spatial and time resolution.

Energy system models can be used to simulate and optimize system’s performances in different alternatives. Energy models can be used to represent, simulate and reveal the issues that matter in a decision context. Such tools help by facilitating an understanding of the problem being analysed. For example, models can reveal new facets of the problem or courses of action which might not otherwise be evident, by allowing the initial conditions for the analysis to be varied. Complex analysis would be impossible without such models, because of the way they help in processing and modelling large amounts of data.

This page provides descriptions and links to documentation of different types of energy system models.


Published August 3, 2012


Contact: Gerd Kjølle, SINTEF Energy Research