C2: Identification of criteria

A set of criteria (objectives) must be defined in order to be able to compare among alternatives.

It is important that all decision makers and stakeholders that are involved in the planning process contribute to the definition of these objectives and accept them as relevant in the given planning context. This will give all parts involved in the local planning a common ground for discussions and negotiations and will increase the chance of reaching a consensus. 

Typical criteria in a planning context can be:

All these criteria have to be operationalized - e.g. decision makers have to decide how to measure them. This is not a trivial task. The measurement scale for each criterion should be meaningful for the decision makers involved. In general the tendency is to quantify all criteria in monetary values. This can be possible to a certain degree when it becomes obvious that for example the lost of lives, a large environmental damage or public oppinion cannot be measured in money.

By browsing through the specific case studies in the menu above, you can find more about how criteria and objectives might differ in various planning contexts.

Published August 3, 2012

Contact: Gerd Kjølle, SINTEF Energy Research