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Effect of flow pattern on the segregation of impurities in vertical Bridgman growth of multi-crystalline silicon

Effect of flow pattern on the segregation of impurities in vertical Bridgman growth of multi-crystalline silicon

Category
Journal publication
Abstract
Numerical experiments are used to study thermally driven flow during directional solidification of multi-crystalline (mc) silicon. A solid–liquid (s–l) interface shape was imposed by varying the absolute value and the direction of the radial temperature gradient in the melt. The flow pattern and the final impurity distribution were calculated for a solidification process with a planar, concave and convex s–l interface shape. When solidification with a planar s–l interface occurs the flow intensity is low and the impurity segregation is diffusion controlled and nearly uniform in radial direction. With concave and convex s–l interfaces the flow intensity becomes one order of magnitude higher. If a concave interface occurs impurities are transported towards the center of the ingot and radial segregation increases. The flow direction reverses when the interface becomes convex and the impurities are carried more effectively away from the interface to the bulk of the melt. It is for this case that the most uniform radial distribution was obtained.
Language
English
Affiliation
  • SINTEF Industry / Sustainable Energy Technology
  • SINTEF Industry / Metal Production and Processing
Year
2013
Published in
Journal of Crystal Growth
ISSN
0022-0248
Volume
362
Page(s)
93 - 98