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Risk based regulation and certification of autonomous transport systems

Risk based regulation and certification of autonomous transport systems

Category
Part of a book/report
Abstract
Autonomous transport systems in all modes - road (i.e. autonomous cars), aviation (i.e. drones), shipping and rail are coming. Regulation and testing are on-going in Norway. Risks of autonomous systems are uncertain due to missing data, emerging technology and variation in framework conditions. However, ac-cidents of autonomous cars seem to be 1/3 or 1/2 of current levels. Incidents are different, needing outside in-terventions sometimes. Based on review of experiences across the modes and regulations, we suggest agile and transparent learning in the whole autonomous ecosystem, between all modes. System certification are needed, and system responsibilities must be clarified. Structures for orchestrating transport (i.e. control of many autonomous vehicles with possible common failures) and marking autonomous transport, should be es-tablished. In the interfaces between humans and systems there are differences in autonomy as imagined vs. performed, leading to new incidents and accidents. Emerging safety/security issues must be explored.
Client
  • Norges forskningsråd / 267860
Language
English
Author(s)
Affiliation
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • SINTEF Digital / Technology Management
Year
2018
Publisher
CRC Press
Book
Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World. Proceedings of ESREL 2018, June 17-21, 2018, Trondheim, Norway
ISBN
9781351174657
Page(s)
1791 - 1799