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Optimization of a Gas Switching Combustion process through advanced heat management strategies

Optimization of a Gas Switching Combustion process through advanced heat management strategies

Category
Journal publication
Abstract
Gas Switching Combustion (GSC) is a promising new process concept for energy efficient power production with integrated CO2 capture. In comparison to conventional Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) carried out in interconnected fluidized beds, the GSC concept will be substantially easier to design and scale up, especially for pressurized conditions. One potential drawback of the GSC concept is the gradual temperature variation over the transient process cycle, which leads to a drop in electric efficiency of the plant. This article investigates heat management strategies to mitigate this issue both through simulations and experiments. Simulation studies of the GSC concept integrated into an IGCC power plant show that heat management using a nitrogen recycle stream can increase plant efficiency by 3 percentage points to 41.6% while maintaining CO2 capture ratios close to 90%. Reactive multiphase flow simulations of the GSC reactor also showed that heat management can eliminate fuel slip problems. In addition, the GSC concept offers the potential to remove the need for a nitrogen recycle stream by implementing a concentrated air injection that extracts heat while only a small percentage of oxygen reacts. Experiments have shown that, similar to nitrogen recycle, this strategy reduces transient temperature variations across the cycle and therefore merits further investigation.
Language
English
Affiliation
  • SINTEF Industry / Process Technology
Year
2017
Published in
Applied Energy
ISSN
0306-2619
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
185
Page(s)
1459 - 1470