EU Directives
A directive is a legislative act of the European Union, which requires member states to achieve a particular result without dictating the means of achieving that result.

Product exposure

The Automotive EMC Directive 2004/104/EC  shall ensure electromagnetic compatibility of the vehicle. Low Voltage Directive Working Party propose in LVDWP15/05 that the off-board elements of the charging system are considered to be within the scope of the Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC, whereas the electric powertrain and on-board elements of the charging system would be within the scope of the Framework Directive on Motor Vehicles 2007/46/EC.

  • Automotive EMC Directive 2004/104/EC
    adapting to technical progress Council Directive 72/245/EEC relating to the radio interference (electromagnetic compatibility) of vehicles and amending Directive 70/156/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the type-approval of motor vehicles and their trailers”
  • EMC Directive 2004/108/EC
    “Directive 2004/108/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 2004 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility and repealing Directive 89/336/EEC”
  • RTTE Directive 1999/5/EC
    on radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual recognition of their conformity
  • Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC
    on the harmonisation of the laws of Member States relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits
  • Framework Directive on Motor Vehicles 2007/46/EC
    establishing a framework for the approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles
  • LVDWP15/05 (2010)
    Legal framework for the placing on the market of electric vehicles and related equipment

Human exposure

The EU directive 2004/40/EC describes limits for  occupational exposure to EMF. The directive is based on the 1998 ICNIRP guidelines. It was originally due for implementation in the national law of member states by 30th April 2008. This was subsequently delayed to 2012, and has since been further delayed to 2014. Following a period of consultation, a proposal for a revised text for this directive was published in June 2011 (COM(2011) 348).

  • COM(2011) 348
    “Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from physical agents (electromagnetic fields) (XXth individual Directive within the meaning of Article 16(1) of Directive 89/391/EEC)”, 14th June 2011.
  • 2004/40/EC
    “Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29th April 2004 on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from physical agents (electromagnetic fields)”

Although not a directive, the EU has published a recommendation concerning limits for general public exposure to electromagnetic fields, which is also based on the 1998 ICNIRP guidelines. Harmonised product standards relating to electromagnetic field exposure that are approved for use with RTTE (1999/5/EC) and Low Voltage (2006/95/EC) Directives reference the general public exposure recommendations of 1999/519/EC.

  • 1999/519/EC
    “Council Recommendation of 12th July 1999 on the limitation of exposure of the general public to electromagnetic fields (0 Hz to 300 GHz)”

Published February 29, 2012

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Coordinator: Andreas Vogl , SINTEF FP7
Duration: 1st May 2011 - 1st February 2014
EU contract FP7-SST-265772 in the Sustainable Surface Transport call in Framework Program 7.