Navigation and communication systems are exposed to special performance degrading factors in the High North. For navigation systems the ionospheric disturbances, icing on antennas and relatively limited access to differential corrections and integrity information on GNSS are the most important factors.
For communication system the combination of low elevation angles, longer transit distances through atmosphere (rain and snow) and poor ground infrastructure is a challenge. As is also icing of antennas; the consequence could be signal attenuation, information loss and delays.
The main objective of MARENOR is to quantify the performance of the most common navigation and communication systems being used in the High North, through data acquisition and data analysis. The MARENOR result will be a tool for prediction of navigation and communication system performance in the High North.
The MARENOR activities are divided into 5 phases:
- Technical studies on signal propagation in L-, C-, Ku- and Ka-band including studies on signal degrading factors like ionosphere and atmosphere activity, icing and vessels movements.
- Specification of test installations, including navigation and communication equipment, measurement systems, data management, test vessels and fixed locations.
- Installation of test equipment and crew training
- Analysis of measurement data
- Development of business plan for further implementation of project results, in addition to dissemination and communication of results
Project start: February 2012 - Project end: February 2015
Project partners: EMGS (project owner), Remøy havfiske, Telenor, Kongsberg Seatex, SINTEF ICT, Polar Science Guiding, UniS and Wroclaw University of Technology.