We perform research and development of burners to meet stringent emission limits in various applications from advanced domestic appliances to gas turbines with CCS, using a wide spectrum of experimental and numerical tools, both at lab and pilot scales.
Oil and gas Gas technology
SINTEF’s work helps safeguard the value of Norwegian gas in the international market
We have world-leading research expertise in natural gas liquefaction, gas transport in demanding areas over long distances and process and component development.
CCS chains are case and scenario sensitive, and each case often requires individual design for reaching the optimal solution. The main objective is to develop a consistent and transparent methodology and simulation tool for integrated techno-economic and environmental CCS chain assessment. The ambition is to enable selection of the most promising alternatives for CO2 chains and reduce uncertainty by improving knowledge and by developing adequate solutions for managing risk in CCS
The CFD group at SINTEF Energy Research has more than 30 years of experience in performing numerical modelling of chemically reactive processes in laminar and turbulent flows consisting of single-phase (gaseous fuels combustion) or multi-phase (solid fuels combustion) configurations. Depending on the specific needs and time constraints of our customers, we are able to perform numerical simulations that boast a wide range of accuracies, geometric complexity and computational cost.
Deep underground storage is the only current means of disposing of large amounts of CO2, safely and permanently, thus reducing global-warming. SINTEF was among the first to propose dedicated underground storage of CO2 and continues to study storage capacity, long-term behaviour of CO2 underground, monitoring techniques and safety, as well as its use for Enhanced Oil Recovery.
CO2 has gone through a renaissance as refrigerant due to the need to replace the chemical refrigerants with highly negative environmental impact. The main applications where CO2 systems has been commercialized so far are heat pump water heaters (heat pumps for heating of sanitary water), refrigeration systems for supermarkets and within small size commercial refrigeration. SINTEF-NTNU initiated this development in the end of the 1980s. More than 4 million systems are installed to date, corresponding to a turnover of more than 200 billion NOK.
Capture, transport and storage of CO2 is an important part of the solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Our CO2 capture research span a wide range, including the development of materials and processes in post-combustion, pre-combustion and oxyfuel processes, natural gas processing and industrial applications.
SINTEF develops several types of membranes for separating CO2 before or after a combustion processes or from industry sources. We have the expertise and required equipment for the preparation and characterization of various types of membranes, as well as running simulation and testing of membranes at realistic operating conditions.
CO2 capture and storage is one of the most important contributions to reducing the world’s CO2 emissions. CO2 can be stored in geological formations far below ground or the sea floor. We investigate how CO2 can be pumped through wells and into these formations in a secure, reliable and efficient way.
CO2 capture and storage (CCS) is one of the most important ways to reduce global CO2 emissions. Since CO2 will usually not be captured and stored at the same place, we will in the near future have to transport large quantities of CO2, mostly by pipeline or ship. Our research shows how CO2 transport can be done in a safe and economical way.
Modelling is important for understand the mechanisms associated with the separation of CO2 from large point sources such as fossil fuel power plants, steel works and similar. Modelling tools can be used for plant design process optimization and system improvement. SINTEF has developed a simulation software package, CO2SIM, for simulation of absorption based CO2 capture, tailored for this purpose.
We have accumulated more than 15 years experience in new combustion processes based on the use of unconventional fuels (rich in hydrogen) and new oxidizers like oxyfuel mixtures which are common in power and industrial technologies with CO2 Capture and Sequestration (CCS). We also support the development of new CCS concepts and bring them to pilot testing as we do for the promising Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) technology.
We develop specialized models and methods related to the flow of gases and liquids, and which is unavailable in commercial software. We have several in-house 1D and 3D CFD codes. Furthermore, we take part in the design of laboratory set-ups to be used for model development. We deliver data, analyses of models and methods, or software.
Biomass gasification coupled with catalytic synthesis or heat and power production has been identified as one of the most promising technologies addressing the 1.5 global temperature target. In our projects we are using unique infrastructure to investigate biomass gasification, fuel synthesis and heat and power production together with both national and international industry and research partners.
Hydrogen will be an important supplement to electricity as an energy carrier in future sustainable energy systems. In addition to being fuel for the transport sector, hydrogen will contribute to increased utilization of renewable energy sources. The need for energy storage will increase dramatically, and hydrogen will be the preferred option for large amounts of energy, and storage over longer periods.
During the last 10 to 15 years, SINTEF Energy Research has been working with both the liquefaction of hydrogen and value chains in which liquid hydrogen is incorporated into either part or the whole of the chain in question. In particular, hydrogen in liquid form is ideally suited for transport over long distances. It is also ideal as a means of conveying the gas both to industrial users and to hydrogen filling stations used by the transport sector.
For many decades, SINTEF Energy Research has combined with NTNU to develop components and systems linked to the use of liquefied natural gas. LNG is currently used extensively as a long-distance transport means for natural gas. Natural gas is commonly used to replace higher-carbon content fossil fuels (such as coal), in electricity generation, for domestic heating and cooking, and as fuel, in particular for vessels and heavy vehicles.
Condensation of CO2 in heat exchangers and separators occurs in processes for liquefaction of a CO2-rich gas phase, for example to increase purity of the gas, to meet ship transportation specification. Through multiscale modelling and experimental activity, SINTEF works with combining nanotechnology with CCS process technology to increase efficiency of CO2 condensation.
Environmentally friendly utilization of oil, natural gas and coal is becoming increasingly important. SINTEF has more than 30 years of experience in research and development of downstream conversion technology gained through long-term co-operation with the industry.
We have extensive experience with developing and executing projects related to oil/gas/water separation relevant for electrocoalescence separation, the liquefaction processes of natural gas, and developing potential studies related to subsea technology. Our services assist the industry in providing detailed experiments and models in order to optimize the construction and operation of equipment with respect to efficiency and costs. Our partners include research institutions and industry, both in Norway and abroad.
Process modelling at SINTEF is based on advanced mathematical modeling and simulation tools combined with our well-equipped laboratories and experimental facilities. Our research stretches from understanding and modeling of multiphase systems, material mechanics, manufacturing processes, to process design and optimization and industrial implementation.
We cooperate with both land based process industry and oil and gas companies in order to improve their processes in order to reduce emissions and improve efficiency. Simulation models of the process are developed to be used in conjunction with a suitable process synthesis methodology for process improvement. The main classes of process synthesis methodologies are: Optimization, thermodynamic methods such as pinch and exergy analysis, and heuristics.
In the field of process technology, we are currently working with theoretical analysis, modelling and simulation, combined with experimental approaches to the analysis, design and optimisation of industrial gas processes and efficient energy conversion systems. We are focusing on both open and cyclic processes – right down to single component level.
Torrefaction is a thermochemical process for pretreatment of biomass. The treatment results in increased heating value and increased energy density (after compaction), lower grinding energy requirement, smaller particles and narrower particle size distribution after grinding and a hydrophobic nature of the solid product. The hydrophobic nature means that the solid product has much better water repelling properties, which makes it very resistant to biodegradation. Dry torrefaction is often referred to as a mild pyrolysis (200-300 ºC) process, which means that the thermal degradation occurs at relatively low temperature and at inert conditions. Wet torrefaction is also possible, where the biomass is heated in pressurized water. The pressure is high enough to keep the water in liquid form, and lower temperatures are needed compared to dry torrefaction. The additional benefits of wet torrefaction are the possibility to use very wet biomass as well as washing out water soluble ash elements.
The thermal engineering laboratories is the nation's leading laboratory in the field of combustion, refrigeration, air conditioning and heat pump, low-temperature and bio processes, CCS (Carbon Capture and Storage) and processing, storage and transportation of food products.
Accelerating a shift towards deployment of CCS in Europe through a cross-border CO2 transport infrastructure
AutoRE - AUTomotive deRivative Energy system
The overall aim is to create the foundations for commercializing an automotive derivative fuel cell system in the 50 to 100 kW range, for combined heat and power (CHP) applications in commercial and industrial buildings.
HyF-Lex – Field life extension through controlling the combined material degradation of fatigue and hydrogen
The HyF-Lex project seeks to increase the fundamental understanding of the mechanisms inherent to hydrogen assisted fatigue crack growth in steels, as well as contributing to a model framework for assessment of hydrogen-assisted fatigue.
How are we going to store the problem gas CO2?
CO2 is the great scapegoat of our age. Is there a way to get rid of it by burying it in the ground or beneath the sea bed?
SINTEF Energy Lab opening
2. September HRH The Crown Prince Haakon Magnus opened our new SINTEF Energy Lab.
Making the most of waste heat
Can heat pumps be used to upgrade waste heat to 200 degrees? "No problem – in theory", say researchers.