Climate and environment Waste management and recycling
Molten Salt and Electrolysis Lab
Molten salts includes fluorides, chlorides and carbonates melts for use in several electrochemical processes. Aluminium electrolysis is the predominant field of work but also electrowinning of Titanium, Iron, Magnesium, Silicon and Rare Earth Metals (REM) covers our research activities. Recently our research activity also cover recycling and electro refining of critical materials (REE elements mainly). Liquid metal battery for future storage of renewable energy is another field of research.
Refractories and Carbon Test Laboratories
High temperature materials are commonly defined based on their maximum application temperature with respect to the materials melting temperature, which strongly depends on the applied stress-level and the resistance to corrosive environments. Our expertise cover in special refractories, linings and carbon based materials for the primary aluminium cells, cast furnaces, anode baking furnaces, waste incinerators, silicon – and ferro-alloy reduction process.
4REFINERY - Scenarios for integration of bio-liquids in existing REFINERY processes
4REFINERY will develop and demonstrate the production of next generation biofuels from more efficient primary liquefaction routes integrated with upgraded downstream (hydro)refining processes to achieve overall carbon yields of >45%. The consortium will aim for successful deployment into existing refineries, including delivering a comprehensive toolbox for interfacing with existing refinery models.
MICROFIBRE: Evaluating the fate, effects and mitigation measures for microplastic fibre pollution in aquatic environments
To understand the environmental behaviour and impacts of microplastic fibres (MPFs) in order to develop a decision support framework that enables garment manufacturers to make environmentally informed choices in their material selection.
DAFIA - Biomacromolecules from municipal solid bio-waste fractions and fish waste for high added value applications
The main objective of DAFIA is to exploit municipal solid wastes (MSW) and marine rest raw materials (MRRM) as feedstocks for higher value products. Municipal solids wastes represents more than 500 kg/capita (EU-27 average) and 300 million tonnes overall every year in the EU-32. Currently, approximately 50% of this volume is landfilled, while the rest is incinerated for energy production.
Eco-cement from Norwegian clay
Blue clay from Norway is emerging as a climate-friendly alternative to cements used to make concrete – turning a waste material into a resource.
Even greener solar power on the way
Europe wants to reduce its needs for raw materials and raise the level of recycling of resources in the solar power industry. If this project is successful, greenhouse gas emissions from solar panel manufacture will fall by 25 to 30 per cent.