Climate and environment Waste management and recycling
An EPD (Environmental Product Declaration) is a short document that sums up the environmental strain of a product. EPDs are based on life cycle assessments of environmental data from the withdrawal of raw materials, production, application phase and disposal. EPDs are becoming increasingly important for building materials in the Norwegian market.
Industrial biotechnology is a key research area at SINTEF Materials and Chemistry. Industrial biotechnology uses enzymes and micro-organisms to make biobased products in sectors such as chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food and feed ingrediens, detergents, paper and pulp, textiles and bioenergy.
At SINTEF we work with all types of polymers: thermoplastic polymers, thermosets, composites, elastomers and gels. Within these materials, we are involved in R&D along the complete value chain from raw materials to the properties of the final product.
In order to develop materials with the necessary properties, it is important to develop a holistic understanding of the material requirements in relation to the end-product properties. We therefore offer product- and production expertise that can help our customers with their product development strategies.
The WtE sector is the backbone of the district heat network in Norway. However, WtE faces an array of challenges concerning process stability and energy efficiency, energy utilisation, environmental emissions (and carbon footprint), integration in future flexible energy systems, econimic aspects as well as public perception and regulative framework. SINTEF works on all those aspects both technically and at the value chain level.
Molten Salt and Electrolysis Lab
Molten salts includes fluorides, chlorides and carbonates melts for use in several electrochemical processes. Aluminium electrolysis is the predominant field of work but also electrowinning of Titanium, Iron, Magnesium, Silicon and Rare Earth Metals (REM) covers our research activities. Recently our research activity also cover recycling and electro refining of critical materials (REE elements mainly). Liquid metal battery for future storage of renewable energy is another field of research.
Refractories and Carbon Test Laboratories
High temperature materials are commonly defined based on their maximum application temperature with respect to the materials melting temperature, which strongly depends on the applied stress-level and the resistance to corrosive environments. Our expertise cover in special refractories, linings and carbon based materials for the primary aluminium cells, cast furnaces, anode baking furnaces, waste incinerators, silicon – and ferro-alloy reduction process.
DAFIA - Biomacromolecules from municipal solid bio-waste fractions and fish waste for high added value applications
The main objective of DAFIA is to exploit municipal solid wastes (MSW) and marine rest raw materials (MRRM) as feedstocks for higher value products. Municipal solids wastes represents more than 500 kg/capita (EU-27 average) and 300 million tonnes overall every year in the EU-32. Currently, approximately 50% of this volume is landfilled, while the rest is incinerated for energy production.
Re-FOOD is an international partnership for research and education in energy efficient resource utilization in FOOD value chains between Norway and India.
SCALE – Production of Scandium compounds and Scandium Aluminum alloys from European metallurgical by- products
Scandium (Sc) is one of the highest valued elements in the periodic table and an element which is usually grouped in REEs as it shares many characteristics with Yttrium. The SCALE project sets about to develop and secure a European Sc supply chain through the development of technological innovations, which will allow the extraction of Sc from European industrial residues. This will be achieved through the development of a number of innovative extraction, separation, refining and alloying technologies that will be validated in an appropriate laboratory and bench scale environment to prove their technical and economic feasibility.
Eco-cement from Norwegian clay
Blue clay from Norway is emerging as a climate-friendly alternative to cements used to make concrete – turning a waste material into a resource.
Even greener solar power on the way
Europe wants to reduce its needs for raw materials and raise the level of recycling of resources in the solar power industry. If this project is successful, greenhouse gas emissions from solar panel manufacture will fall by 25 to 30 per cent.