Our main research area is the development and application of mathematical models for intra-basinalprocesses on geological time scales, starting with organiccarbon deposition, followed by hydrocarbon generationand expulsion, and finally migration and accumulation.
SINTEF is a renowned global research player in CO2 sequestration
The purpose of CO2 capture and storage (CCS) is to minimize CO2 emissions from fossil fuels, which are still needed by our energy system. SINTEF conducts research on the whole value chain for CO2 capture, transport and storage.
Catalysis is involved in 85-90 % of all chemicals production. SINTEF has extensive experience within both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. Our projects are often directed towards understanding the operation of the catalyst and the interplay between the catalyst and its process. We work closely with partners in academia and Norwegian and international industry.
CCS chains are case and scenario sensitive, and each case often requires individual design for reaching the optimal solution. The main objective is to develop a consistent and transparent methodology and simulation tool for integrated techno-economic and environmental CCS chain assessment. The ambition is to enable selection of the most promising alternatives for CO2 chains and reduce uncertainty by improving knowledge and by developing adequate solutions for managing risk in CCS
The CFD group at SINTEF Energy Research has more than 30 years of experience in performing numerical modelling of chemically reactive processes in laminar and turbulent flows consisting of single-phase (gaseous fuels combustion) or multi-phase (solid fuels combustion) configurations. Depending on the specific needs and time constraints of our customers, we are able to perform numerical simulations that boast a wide range of accuracies, geometric complexity and computational cost.
At SINTEF we work with the development of new chemical processes, separation sequences, process intensification and optimization of unit operations and complete plants. The activities span from the analysis of chemical properties and building of bench scale testing equipment to the design and commissioning of large scale pilot plants. Process modelling and simulation are integral activities of this work.
Deep underground storage is the only current means of disposing of large amounts of CO2, safely and permanently, thus reducing global-warming. SINTEF was among the first to propose dedicated underground storage of CO2 and continues to study storage capacity, long-term behaviour of CO2 underground, monitoring techniques and safety, as well as its use for Enhanced Oil Recovery.
CO2 has gone through a renaissance as refrigerant due to the need to replace the chemical refrigerants with highly negative environmental impact. The main applications where CO2 systems has been commercialized so far are heat pump water heaters (heat pumps for heating of sanitary water), refrigeration systems for supermarkets and within small size commercial refrigeration. SINTEF-NTNU initiated this development in the end of the 1980s. More than 4 million systems are installed to date, corresponding to a turnover of more than 200 billion NOK.
Capture, transport and storage of CO2 is an important part of the solution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Our CO2 capture research span a wide range, including the development of materials and processes in post-combustion, pre-combustion and oxyfuel processes, natural gas processing and industrial applications.
To capture, transport and store CO2 is part of the solution to reduce green house gas emissions. Our research in CO2 capture covers development of materials and processes within post-, pre- and oxy-combustion processes, natural gas processing and industrial applications.
SINTEF develops several types of membranes for separating CO2 before or after a combustion processes or from industry sources. We have the expertise and required equipment for the preparation and characterization of various types of membranes, as well as running simulation and testing of membranes at realistic operating conditions.
CO2 capture and storage is one of the most important contributions to reducing the world’s CO2 emissions. CO2 can be stored in geological formations far below ground or the sea floor. We investigate how CO2 can be pumped through wells and into these formations in a secure, reliable and efficient way.
CO2 capture and storage (CCS) is one of the most important ways to reduce global CO2 emissions. Since CO2 will usually not be captured and stored at the same place, we will in the near future have to transport large quantities of CO2, mostly by pipeline or ship. Our research shows how CO2 transport can be done in a safe and economical way.
Modelling is important for understand the mechanisms associated with the separation of CO2 from large point sources such as fossil fuel power plants, steel works and similar. Modelling tools can be used for plant design process optimization and system improvement. SINTEF has developed a simulation software package, CO2SIM, for simulation of absorption based CO2 capture, tailored for this purpose.
We have accumulated more than 15 years experience in new combustion processes based on the use of unconventional fuels (rich in hydrogen) and new oxidizers like oxyfuel mixtures which are common in power and industrial technologies with CO2 Capture and Sequestration (CCS). We also support the development of new CCS concepts and bring them to pilot testing as we do for the promising Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) technology.
Combustion of fuels such as gases, wood, gasoline and coal are a main source of heat, steam and power, both in industrial processes as well as in our private lives (wood stoves, transport). Combustion is a main source of emissions to the atmosphere, such as NOx, SOx, CO, CO2 and soot and particulates. The combustion group at SINTEF Energy Research has extensive experience within analysis, measurements, optimization and design of combustion processes. We work with users, manufacturers and authorities in order to improve combustion technology and generate new concepts and design. Our work is motivated by the need for more sustainable and efficient use of fuel resources with emissions as low as possible.
We develop specialized models and methods related to the flow of gases and liquids, and which is unavailable in commercial software. We have several in-house 1D and 3D CFD codes. Furthermore, we take part in the design of laboratory set-ups to be used for model development. We deliver data, analyses of models and methods, or software.
We investigate rock physical and mechanical properties, parameters and processes for reservoir and overburden. We can perform tests under near in-situ conditions in our specialized laboratory. In addition, we develop tailored models and tools to simulate of rock mechanical and rock physical behaviour.
Better understanding of storage capacity, injectivity and long-term effects of the stored CO2 is a must for establishing commercial storage operations. We investigate the mechanical and physical properties of the subsurface and the implications for the monitoring of the near-well area, the whole reservoir and the overburden.
CO2 capture and storage (CCS) in geological reservoirs will be important in reducing total carbon emissions, but injectivity problems arise at many storage sites. Scaled-down laboratory injection experiments give insight into the mechanisms behind these phenomena.
We have developed in-house highly specialized models and software tools for simulation of the rock mechanical and rock physical behavior. These tools enable us to help our clients with the implementation of research results. Our own SINTEF researchers use them to apply theoretical and experimental knowledge to field conditions.
At the SINTEF Multiphase Flow Laboratory, more than two decades of operational and scientific experience are united in working with multiphase flow phenomena.
Condensation of CO2 in heat exchangers and separators occurs in processes for liquefaction of a CO2-rich gas phase, for example to increase purity of the gas, to meet ship transportation specification. Through multiscale modelling and experimental activity, SINTEF works with combining nanotechnology with CCS process technology to increase efficiency of CO2 condensation.
In the field of process technology, we are currently working with theoretical analysis, modelling and simulation, combined with experimental approaches to the analysis, design and optimisation of industrial gas processes and efficient energy conversion systems. We are focusing on both open and cyclic processes – right down to single component level.
Successful characterization and monitoring of the subsurface depends on advanced data acquisition and processing, and geophysical methods. The ultimate goal of these techniques is to image the properties of the reservoir and provide essential information for oil and gas applications ranging from exploration and enhanced oil recovery to CO2 storage. Being able to estimate the associated uncertainties is crucial for the correct interpretation of the resultant images and reliable economic and environmental assessments.
During the coming decades, the introduction of large-scale carbon management processes could make a much needed contribution towards the reduction of anthropological global warming. We are currently analysing the entire carbon value chain – from capture, via transport to storage – and are looking into what we need to make the necessary infrastructure a reality. The combined process of carbon capture, transport and storage is currently regarded as one of the most important measures we can take to reduce anthropological CO2 emissions. A great deal of basic research has been carried out to look into certain essential elements required to achieve carbon management in practice. These include the development and enhancement of capture technologies and the investigation of potential CO2 storage options. However, there are significantly fewer studies examining the carbon value chain as a holistic system.
BIGCCS - International CCS Research Centre
Enabling sustainable power generation from fossil fuels based on cost-effektive CO2 capture, and safe transport and underground storage of CO2
Accelerating a shift towards deployment of CCS in Europe through a cross-border CO2 transport infrastructure
4 November: Kick-off for the Paris Climate Agreement and a new CCS research centre
With the new climate agreement which comes into effect on Friday 4 November, the world is committed to cutting its greenhouse gas emissions. All countries must create their own national plans for cutting emissions – and then report on their progress. The goal is to prevent the global temperature rising by more than 2 degrees by the year 2100.
Industrial production process for hydrogen membranes
In the project "Establishment of process for the production of membrane elements", Reinertsen, SINTEF Materials and Chemistry and SINTEF Raufoss Manufacturing cooperate to develop an industrial manufacturing process for membrane tubes for CO2 capture, using hydrogen separation.
SINTEF awarded three new Centres for Environment-friendly Energy Research
The Research Council of Norway has granted funding to eight new Centres for Environment-friendly Energy Research (FME). Each new centre is guaranteed an annual allocation of NOK 15‒25 million for up to eight years.